It was previously reported that peripheral blood mononulcear cells (PBMC) from the patients with psoriasis vulgaris (PV) showed a reduced proliferative response in vitro to the stimulation of a lyophilized preparation of penicillin-treated low virulence Su-strain of Streptococcus pyogenes group 3, OK-432. In this study, at first it was examined whether OK-432 acts as a superantigen. By analyzing the usage of Vβ T-cell receptor (TCR) of proliferating T cells stimulated with OK-432, it was found that OK-432 stimulated preferentially Vβ2 TCR-bearing T cells. Next, to find differences in in vitro responses of PBMC among various types of sterile pustular dermatoses such as pustulosis palmaris et plantaris (PPP), acrodermatitis continua of Hallopeau (AC), and generalized pustular psoriasis (GPP), the proliferative responses of PBMC obtained from these patients under the stimulation of OK-432 were compared. When the PBMC was stimulated with interleukin (IL)-2, no significant difference was found in their proliferative responses among those obtained from the patients with these sterile pustular dermatoses, PV or healthy controls. However, like those from PV patients, PBMC from AC and GPP patients showed significantly smaller responses to OK-432 than those from the healthy controls. In contrast, the proliferative responses of PBMC from the patients with PPP to OK-432 was comparable to those from healthy controls. These results, in addition to its unique clinical and histopathological characteristics, suggest that PPP has a different pathogenetic background from that underlying PV, AC, or GPP.
- Pustulosis palmaris et plantaris
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology