Clinical trials have demonstrated the beneficial effect of HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors(statins) for stroke prevention, independent of their lipid-lowering effects. Recent experimental progress indicated the effects of statins for brain protection on both vascular walls(endothelium, smooth muscle, inflammatory cells and platelets) and extra-vascular tissues(brain parenchyma). These pleiotropic effects of statins have been, at least in part, ascribed to inhibition of small GTPases Rho and Ras, which require isoprenoids (intermediates of the cholesterol biosynthesis pathway) for activation. Importantly, statin inhibition of Rho (1) attenuates the infarct size in a rat model of brain ischemia via the elevation of eNOS expression, and (2) suppresses vascular smooth muscle proliferation through up-regulation of CDK inhibitor p27kip1. The novel action of statin, as inhibitor of small GTPase family, should expand its potential toward integrative organ protection, beyond its conventional lipid-lowering and anti-atherogenic effects.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Nippon rinsho. Japanese journal of clinical medicine|
|Publication status||Published - 2001 Dec|
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