Novel Angiographic Classification of Each Vascular Lesion in Chronic Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension Based on Selective Angiogram and Results of Balloon Pulmonary Angioplasty

Takashi Kawakami, Aiko Ogawa, Katsumasa Miyaji, Hiroki Mizoguchi, Hiroto Shimokawahara, Takanori Naito, Takashi Oka, Kei Yunoki, Mitsuru Munemasa, Hiromi Matsubara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background - Balloon pulmonary angioplasty (BPA) is an alternative therapy for patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension who are ineligible for standard therapy, pulmonary endarterectomy. Although there are several classifications of vascular lesions, these classifications are based on the features of the specimen removed during pulmonary endarterectomy. Because organized thrombi are not removed during balloon pulmonary angioplasty, we attempted to establish a new classification of vascular lesions based on pulmonary angiographic images. We evaluated the success and complication rate of BPA in accordance with the location and morphology of thromboembolic lesions. Methods and Results - We reviewed 500 consecutive procedures (1936 lesions) of BPA in 97 patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension and investigated the outcomes of BPA based on the lesion distribution and the angiographic characteristics of the thromboembolic lesions, as follows: type A, ring-like stenosis lesion; type B, web lesion; type C, subtotal lesion; type D, total occlusion lesion, and type E, tortuous lesion. The success rate was higher, and the complication rate was lower in ring-like stenosis and web lesions. The total occlusion lesions had the lowest success rate. Tortuous lesions were associated with a high complication rate and should be treated only by operators with extensive experience with BPA. Conclusions - We modified the previous angiographic classification and established a new classification for each vascular lesion. We clarified that the outcome and complication rate of the BPA are highly dependent on the lesion characteristics.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere003318
JournalCirculation: Cardiovascular Interventions
Volume9
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Oct 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • angiography
  • angioplasty
  • arterial pressure
  • coronary artery disease
  • hypertension, pulmonary

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Novel Angiographic Classification of Each Vascular Lesion in Chronic Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension Based on Selective Angiogram and Results of Balloon Pulmonary Angioplasty'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this