Purpose: We aimed to identify novel prognostic biomarkers for Ewing's sarcoma by investigating the global protein expression profile of Ewing's sarcoma patients. Experimental Design: We examined the proteomic profile of eight biopsy samples from Ewing's sarcoma patients using two-dimensional difference gel electrophoresis. Three patients were alive and continuously disease-free over 3 years after the initial diagnosis (good prognosis group) and five had died of the disease within 2 years of the initial diagnosis (poor prognosis group). Results: The protein expression profiles produced using two-dimensional difference gel electrophoresis consisted of 2,364 protein spots, among which we identified 66 protein spots whose intensity showed >2-fold difference between the two patient groups. Mass spectrometric protein identification showed that the 66 spots corresponded to 53 distinct gene products. Pathway analysis revealed that 31 of 53 proteins, including nucleophosmin, were significantly related to bone tissue neoplasms (P < 0.000001). The prognostic performance of nucleophosmin was evaluated immunohistochemically on an additional 34 Ewing's sarcoma cases. Univariate and multivariate analyses revealed that nucleophosmin expression significantly correlated with overall survival (P < 0.01). Conclusions: These results establish nucleophosmin as a candidate of independent prognostic marker for Ewing's sarcoma patients. Measuring nucleophosmin in biopsy samples before treatment may contribute to the effective management of Ewing's sarcoma.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research