Numerical investigation of the interaction between a shock wave and a particle cloud curtain using a CFD–DEM model

Y. Sugiyama, H. Ando, K. Shimura, Akiko Matsuo

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1 Citation (Scopus)


A two-dimensional numerical simulation of the interaction between a shock wave and a particle cloud curtain (PCC) in a shock tube was conducted to develop the numerical method and to understand how the particle layer mitigates the shock wave. In the present study, computational fluid dynamics/the discrete element method in conjunction with drag force and convective heat transfer models were used to separately solve the continuum fluid and particle dynamics. The applicability of the method to the gas flow and particles was validated through comparison with gas–particle shock-tube experiments, in which the PCC was generated by free fall, and particles initially had a gradient of its volume fraction and falling velocity in height. When the incident shock wave interacted with the PCC, it was reflected from and transmitted through the PCC. The transmitted shock wave had a curved front because the initial gradient in the volume fraction of particles locally changed the interaction between the shock wave and the particles. We calculated the effects of the drag force and heat transfer in mitigating the strength of the transmitted shock wave. The propagation of the transmitted and reflected shock waves and the motion of the PCC induced by the gas flow behind the shock wave agreed well with previous experimental data. After the interaction between the gas flow and the PCC, drag force and heat transfer were activated by the gradients in pressure, velocity, and temperature between them, and the gas flow lost momentum and energy, which weakened the transmitted shock wave. At the same time, the PCC gained momentum and energy and was dispersed. The contact forces between two particles affected the local dispersion of the PCC.

Original languageEnglish
JournalShock Waves
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2018 Jan 1



  • Computational fluid dynamics
  • Discrete element method
  • Particle cloud curtain
  • Shock wave

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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