Numerical investigation on propagation behavior of gaseous detonation in water spray

Hiroaki Watanabe, Akiko Matsuo, Ken Matsuoka, Akira Kawasaki, Jiro Kasahara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A two-dimensional (2D) numerical simulation is conducted to clarify the propagation behavior of gaseous detonation in a water spray and its structure. The computational target refers to the experiment conducted by G. Jarsalé et al., and C2H4-air gaseous detonation propagates where the water droplets (WDs) are sprayed. The parameters used are the C2H4-air equivalence ratio and WD mass fraction. The flow field, Favre-averaged one-dimensional profile, and cellular structure are revealed in 2D simulations. Stable propagation of gaseous detonation is observed in the water spray, and the decrease in velocity relative to the Chapman-Jouguet velocity without WDs is as much as 3.2%. Adding WDs changes the cellular pattern, especially for leaner mixtures. The weak triple point decays, and the cell width increases because of the longer induction length due to decreased velocity. The WD presence changes the detonation flow field substantially, and evaporation occurs primarily at 10 mm behind the shock wave. The high-evaporation region propagates at the detonation speed, and the compression wave formed when the detonation reflects from the two-phase medium propagates backward. Furthermore, WD evaporation suppresses the velocity, vorticity, and temperature fluctuations. Rapid evaporation with WDs leads to lower hydrodynamic thickness than that without WDs or in the Zel'dovich-von Neumann-Döring model.

Original languageEnglish
JournalProceedings of the Combustion Institute
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2018 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Detonation
detonation
sprayers
propagation
Water
water
Evaporation
evaporation
Flow fields
flow distribution
compression waves
air
Air
Vorticity
Shock waves
vorticity
equivalence
shock waves
induction
Compaction

Keywords

  • Average structure
  • Detonation
  • Evaporation
  • Velocity decrease
  • Water droplet

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Numerical investigation on propagation behavior of gaseous detonation in water spray. / Watanabe, Hiroaki; Matsuo, Akiko; Matsuoka, Ken; Kawasaki, Akira; Kasahara, Jiro.

In: Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "A two-dimensional (2D) numerical simulation is conducted to clarify the propagation behavior of gaseous detonation in a water spray and its structure. The computational target refers to the experiment conducted by G. Jarsal{\'e} et al., and C2H4-air gaseous detonation propagates where the water droplets (WDs) are sprayed. The parameters used are the C2H4-air equivalence ratio and WD mass fraction. The flow field, Favre-averaged one-dimensional profile, and cellular structure are revealed in 2D simulations. Stable propagation of gaseous detonation is observed in the water spray, and the decrease in velocity relative to the Chapman-Jouguet velocity without WDs is as much as 3.2{\%}. Adding WDs changes the cellular pattern, especially for leaner mixtures. The weak triple point decays, and the cell width increases because of the longer induction length due to decreased velocity. The WD presence changes the detonation flow field substantially, and evaporation occurs primarily at 10 mm behind the shock wave. The high-evaporation region propagates at the detonation speed, and the compression wave formed when the detonation reflects from the two-phase medium propagates backward. Furthermore, WD evaporation suppresses the velocity, vorticity, and temperature fluctuations. Rapid evaporation with WDs leads to lower hydrodynamic thickness than that without WDs or in the Zel'dovich-von Neumann-D{\"o}ring model.",
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