Numerical study of the dynamic stall effect on a pair of cross-flow hydrokinetic turbines and associated torque enhancement due to flow blockage

Minh N. Doan, Shinnosuke Obi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

An open-source 2D Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes (RANS) simulation model was presented and applied for a laboratory-scaled cross-flow hydrokinetic turbine and a twin turbine system in counter-rotating configurations. The computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model was compared with previously published experimental results and then used to study the turbine power output and relevant flow fields at four blockage ratios. The dynamic stall effect and related leading edge vortex (LEV) structures were observed, discussed, and correlated with the power output. The results provided insights into the blockage effect from a different perspective: The physics behind the production and maintenance of lift on the turbine blade at different blockage ratios. The model was then applied to counter-rotating configurations of the turbines and similar analyses of the torque production and maintenance were conducted. Depending on the direction of movement of the other turbine, the blade of interest could either produce higher torque or create more energy loss. For both of the scenarios where a blade interacted with the channel wall or another blade, the key behind torque enhancement was forcing the flow through its suction side and manipulating the LEV.

Original languageEnglish
Article number829
JournalJournal of Marine Science and Engineering
Volume9
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Aug

Keywords

  • Computational fluid dynamics
  • Counter-rotating
  • Cross-flow turbine
  • Marine hydrokinetic
  • RANS
  • Vertical-axis
  • Water tunnel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Ocean Engineering

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