Nutritional intake by the oldest elderly Japanese Tokyo centenarian study 6

S. Takeda, H. Noji, N. Hirose, Yasumichi Arai, K. Yamamura, K. Shimizu, S. Homma, Y. Ebihara, Michiyo Takayama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rapid demographic aging has made caring for the elderly an increasingly important social issue in Japan. To study current conditions of the oldest elderly citizens, we investigated the dietary practices of centenarians in the Tokyo metropolitan area. First, we compared the food intake of centenarians with that of octogenarians. Next, to identify dietary trends, we investigated whether food intake by centenarians had changed significantly between 1981 and 1995. Nutritional intake by the centenarians and octogenarians in 1995 was about 60% and 75% that of the control, respectively. However, the nutritional intake of well nourished centenarians was similar to that of the octogenarians. Cognitive function and daily activity have an influence on nutritional intake. The centenarians were similar to the control subjects in their consumption of dairy products, sweets, and fruit. However, their intake of cereals, meat, fish, and fatty oils was less than 60% that of the control, which indicates their preference for soft and sugary foods. The pattern of dietary practices of centenarians in 1981 was similar. Although the total food intake of centenarians amounted to 60% of the control in 1995, energy intake per kilogram of body weight averaged over 30kcal. As to dietary trends, centenarians in 1981 ate more cereals, eggs, algae products, and legumes than did their 1995 counterparts. This finding seems to reflect a generational difference in diatary habits.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)548-558
Number of pages11
JournalJapanese Journal of Geriatrics
Volume35
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1998

Fingerprint

Tokyo
Eating
Dairy Products
Fish Oils
Population Dynamics
Energy Intake
Fabaceae
Meat
Cognition
Eggs
Habits
Fruit
Japan
Body Weight

Keywords

  • Centenarians
  • Food intake
  • Nutritional intake
  • Nutritional markers
  • Old elderly

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Nutritional intake by the oldest elderly Japanese Tokyo centenarian study 6. / Takeda, S.; Noji, H.; Hirose, N.; Arai, Yasumichi; Yamamura, K.; Shimizu, K.; Homma, S.; Ebihara, Y.; Takayama, Michiyo.

In: Japanese Journal of Geriatrics, Vol. 35, No. 7, 1998, p. 548-558.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Takeda, S, Noji, H, Hirose, N, Arai, Y, Yamamura, K, Shimizu, K, Homma, S, Ebihara, Y & Takayama, M 1998, 'Nutritional intake by the oldest elderly Japanese Tokyo centenarian study 6', Japanese Journal of Geriatrics, vol. 35, no. 7, pp. 548-558.
Takeda S, Noji H, Hirose N, Arai Y, Yamamura K, Shimizu K et al. Nutritional intake by the oldest elderly Japanese Tokyo centenarian study 6. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics. 1998;35(7):548-558.
Takeda, S. ; Noji, H. ; Hirose, N. ; Arai, Yasumichi ; Yamamura, K. ; Shimizu, K. ; Homma, S. ; Ebihara, Y. ; Takayama, Michiyo. / Nutritional intake by the oldest elderly Japanese Tokyo centenarian study 6. In: Japanese Journal of Geriatrics. 1998 ; Vol. 35, No. 7. pp. 548-558.
@article{1e2386b55ca54cea895df59a492123b4,
title = "Nutritional intake by the oldest elderly Japanese Tokyo centenarian study 6",
abstract = "Rapid demographic aging has made caring for the elderly an increasingly important social issue in Japan. To study current conditions of the oldest elderly citizens, we investigated the dietary practices of centenarians in the Tokyo metropolitan area. First, we compared the food intake of centenarians with that of octogenarians. Next, to identify dietary trends, we investigated whether food intake by centenarians had changed significantly between 1981 and 1995. Nutritional intake by the centenarians and octogenarians in 1995 was about 60{\%} and 75{\%} that of the control, respectively. However, the nutritional intake of well nourished centenarians was similar to that of the octogenarians. Cognitive function and daily activity have an influence on nutritional intake. The centenarians were similar to the control subjects in their consumption of dairy products, sweets, and fruit. However, their intake of cereals, meat, fish, and fatty oils was less than 60{\%} that of the control, which indicates their preference for soft and sugary foods. The pattern of dietary practices of centenarians in 1981 was similar. Although the total food intake of centenarians amounted to 60{\%} of the control in 1995, energy intake per kilogram of body weight averaged over 30kcal. As to dietary trends, centenarians in 1981 ate more cereals, eggs, algae products, and legumes than did their 1995 counterparts. This finding seems to reflect a generational difference in diatary habits.",
keywords = "Centenarians, Food intake, Nutritional intake, Nutritional markers, Old elderly",
author = "S. Takeda and H. Noji and N. Hirose and Yasumichi Arai and K. Yamamura and K. Shimizu and S. Homma and Y. Ebihara and Michiyo Takayama",
year = "1998",
language = "English",
volume = "35",
pages = "548--558",
journal = "Japanese Journal of Geriatrics",
issn = "0300-9173",
publisher = "Japan Geriatrics Society",
number = "7",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Nutritional intake by the oldest elderly Japanese Tokyo centenarian study 6

AU - Takeda, S.

AU - Noji, H.

AU - Hirose, N.

AU - Arai, Yasumichi

AU - Yamamura, K.

AU - Shimizu, K.

AU - Homma, S.

AU - Ebihara, Y.

AU - Takayama, Michiyo

PY - 1998

Y1 - 1998

N2 - Rapid demographic aging has made caring for the elderly an increasingly important social issue in Japan. To study current conditions of the oldest elderly citizens, we investigated the dietary practices of centenarians in the Tokyo metropolitan area. First, we compared the food intake of centenarians with that of octogenarians. Next, to identify dietary trends, we investigated whether food intake by centenarians had changed significantly between 1981 and 1995. Nutritional intake by the centenarians and octogenarians in 1995 was about 60% and 75% that of the control, respectively. However, the nutritional intake of well nourished centenarians was similar to that of the octogenarians. Cognitive function and daily activity have an influence on nutritional intake. The centenarians were similar to the control subjects in their consumption of dairy products, sweets, and fruit. However, their intake of cereals, meat, fish, and fatty oils was less than 60% that of the control, which indicates their preference for soft and sugary foods. The pattern of dietary practices of centenarians in 1981 was similar. Although the total food intake of centenarians amounted to 60% of the control in 1995, energy intake per kilogram of body weight averaged over 30kcal. As to dietary trends, centenarians in 1981 ate more cereals, eggs, algae products, and legumes than did their 1995 counterparts. This finding seems to reflect a generational difference in diatary habits.

AB - Rapid demographic aging has made caring for the elderly an increasingly important social issue in Japan. To study current conditions of the oldest elderly citizens, we investigated the dietary practices of centenarians in the Tokyo metropolitan area. First, we compared the food intake of centenarians with that of octogenarians. Next, to identify dietary trends, we investigated whether food intake by centenarians had changed significantly between 1981 and 1995. Nutritional intake by the centenarians and octogenarians in 1995 was about 60% and 75% that of the control, respectively. However, the nutritional intake of well nourished centenarians was similar to that of the octogenarians. Cognitive function and daily activity have an influence on nutritional intake. The centenarians were similar to the control subjects in their consumption of dairy products, sweets, and fruit. However, their intake of cereals, meat, fish, and fatty oils was less than 60% that of the control, which indicates their preference for soft and sugary foods. The pattern of dietary practices of centenarians in 1981 was similar. Although the total food intake of centenarians amounted to 60% of the control in 1995, energy intake per kilogram of body weight averaged over 30kcal. As to dietary trends, centenarians in 1981 ate more cereals, eggs, algae products, and legumes than did their 1995 counterparts. This finding seems to reflect a generational difference in diatary habits.

KW - Centenarians

KW - Food intake

KW - Nutritional intake

KW - Nutritional markers

KW - Old elderly

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0031668261&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0031668261&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 9778956

AN - SCOPUS:0031668261

VL - 35

SP - 548

EP - 558

JO - Japanese Journal of Geriatrics

JF - Japanese Journal of Geriatrics

SN - 0300-9173

IS - 7

ER -