Observation of the C I 3P2-3P1 line toward the Orion Kleinmann-Low region

Satoshi Yamamoto, Hiroyuki Maezawa, Masafumi Ikeda, Tetsuya Ito, Tomoharu Oka, Gaku Saito, Mitsuhiro Iwata, Kazuhisa Kamegai, Takeshi Sakai, Yutaro Sekimoto, Ken'ichi Tatematsu, Takashi Noguchi, Sheng Cai Shi, Yuji Arikawa, Yoshiyuki Aso, Keisuke Miyazawa, Shuji Saito, Hideo Fujiwara, Masatoshi Ohishi, Hiroyuki OzekiJunji Inatani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


The 3P2-3P1 fine-structure line of the neutral carbon atom (809 GHz) has been observed toward the Orion Kleinmann-Low (KL) region with the Mount Fuji submillimeter-wave telescope. The 6′ × 6′ area centered at Orion KL has been mapped with a grid spacing of 1′.5. The intensity distribution of the 3P2-3P1 line is found to be similar to that of the 3P1-3P0 line; these lines are rather weak toward Orion KL, while they are both bright at Orion KL's northern and southern positions. The excitation temperature determined from the intensity ratio between the 3P2-3P1 and 3P1-3P0 lines ranges from 40 to 110 K. The excitation temperature is not enhanced toward Orion KL, whereas it tends to be high in the vicinity of θ1 Orionis C. These results indicate that the C I emission arises from a photodissociation surface illuminated by strong UV radiation from θ1 Ori C. The relative reduction in the C I intensities toward Orion KL is found to originate from a relatively low excitation temperature rather than from the depletion of the C I column density. The origin of the low-excitation temperature of C I toward Orion KL is discussed in terms of a radiative transfer effect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)L165-L169
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2 PART 2
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Feb 1
Externally publishedYes


  • ISM: atoms
  • ISM: clouds
  • ISM: individual (Orion Kleinmann-Low)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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