Ocular fatigue is the major symptom of dry eye

I. Toda, H. Fujishima, Kazuo Tsubota

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

179 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A total of 524 consecutive new patients (195 male, 329 female, 43.4 ± 20.8 y.o.) were evaluated for the presence of ocular fatigue and/or dry eye. Dry eye was diagnosed based on our criteria, which included symptoms, vital staining, break-up time (BUT) measurement, and the Schirmer test. Among all the patients, 21.2% (111/ 524) reported symptoms of ocular fatigue and 15.3% (80/524) were diagnosed as having dry eye with symptoms. Of the 111 patients who complained of ocular fatigue, 51.4% (57/111) had dry eye, which was significantly higher than the 15.3% for the entire group (p < 0.001). Additionally, 71.3% (57/80) of dry eye patients with symptoms complained of ocular fatigue, which was also significantly higher than the 21.2% among all patients (p <0.001). Dry eye patients had a greater number of complaints (4.3 ± 2.1 per patient) compared to controls (1.9 ± 1.3 per patient) (p < 0.001). These findings suggest that there is a strong relation between ocular fatigue and dry eye.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)347-352
Number of pages6
JournalActa Ophthalmologica
Volume71
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Asthenopia
Staining and Labeling

Keywords

  • Double vital staining
  • Dry eye
  • Ocular fatigue
  • Schirmer test

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

Cite this

Ocular fatigue is the major symptom of dry eye. / Toda, I.; Fujishima, H.; Tsubota, Kazuo.

In: Acta Ophthalmologica, Vol. 71, No. 3, 1993, p. 347-352.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Toda, I, Fujishima, H & Tsubota, K 1993, 'Ocular fatigue is the major symptom of dry eye', Acta Ophthalmologica, vol. 71, no. 3, pp. 347-352.
Toda, I. ; Fujishima, H. ; Tsubota, Kazuo. / Ocular fatigue is the major symptom of dry eye. In: Acta Ophthalmologica. 1993 ; Vol. 71, No. 3. pp. 347-352.
@article{76fef989568b402bb051f9fad4f26af3,
title = "Ocular fatigue is the major symptom of dry eye",
abstract = "A total of 524 consecutive new patients (195 male, 329 female, 43.4 ± 20.8 y.o.) were evaluated for the presence of ocular fatigue and/or dry eye. Dry eye was diagnosed based on our criteria, which included symptoms, vital staining, break-up time (BUT) measurement, and the Schirmer test. Among all the patients, 21.2{\%} (111/ 524) reported symptoms of ocular fatigue and 15.3{\%} (80/524) were diagnosed as having dry eye with symptoms. Of the 111 patients who complained of ocular fatigue, 51.4{\%} (57/111) had dry eye, which was significantly higher than the 15.3{\%} for the entire group (p < 0.001). Additionally, 71.3{\%} (57/80) of dry eye patients with symptoms complained of ocular fatigue, which was also significantly higher than the 21.2{\%} among all patients (p <0.001). Dry eye patients had a greater number of complaints (4.3 ± 2.1 per patient) compared to controls (1.9 ± 1.3 per patient) (p < 0.001). These findings suggest that there is a strong relation between ocular fatigue and dry eye.",
keywords = "Double vital staining, Dry eye, Ocular fatigue, Schirmer test",
author = "I. Toda and H. Fujishima and Kazuo Tsubota",
year = "1993",
language = "English",
volume = "71",
pages = "347--352",
journal = "Acta Ophthalmologica",
issn = "1755-375X",
publisher = "Copenhagen Scriptor",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Ocular fatigue is the major symptom of dry eye

AU - Toda, I.

AU - Fujishima, H.

AU - Tsubota, Kazuo

PY - 1993

Y1 - 1993

N2 - A total of 524 consecutive new patients (195 male, 329 female, 43.4 ± 20.8 y.o.) were evaluated for the presence of ocular fatigue and/or dry eye. Dry eye was diagnosed based on our criteria, which included symptoms, vital staining, break-up time (BUT) measurement, and the Schirmer test. Among all the patients, 21.2% (111/ 524) reported symptoms of ocular fatigue and 15.3% (80/524) were diagnosed as having dry eye with symptoms. Of the 111 patients who complained of ocular fatigue, 51.4% (57/111) had dry eye, which was significantly higher than the 15.3% for the entire group (p < 0.001). Additionally, 71.3% (57/80) of dry eye patients with symptoms complained of ocular fatigue, which was also significantly higher than the 21.2% among all patients (p <0.001). Dry eye patients had a greater number of complaints (4.3 ± 2.1 per patient) compared to controls (1.9 ± 1.3 per patient) (p < 0.001). These findings suggest that there is a strong relation between ocular fatigue and dry eye.

AB - A total of 524 consecutive new patients (195 male, 329 female, 43.4 ± 20.8 y.o.) were evaluated for the presence of ocular fatigue and/or dry eye. Dry eye was diagnosed based on our criteria, which included symptoms, vital staining, break-up time (BUT) measurement, and the Schirmer test. Among all the patients, 21.2% (111/ 524) reported symptoms of ocular fatigue and 15.3% (80/524) were diagnosed as having dry eye with symptoms. Of the 111 patients who complained of ocular fatigue, 51.4% (57/111) had dry eye, which was significantly higher than the 15.3% for the entire group (p < 0.001). Additionally, 71.3% (57/80) of dry eye patients with symptoms complained of ocular fatigue, which was also significantly higher than the 21.2% among all patients (p <0.001). Dry eye patients had a greater number of complaints (4.3 ± 2.1 per patient) compared to controls (1.9 ± 1.3 per patient) (p < 0.001). These findings suggest that there is a strong relation between ocular fatigue and dry eye.

KW - Double vital staining

KW - Dry eye

KW - Ocular fatigue

KW - Schirmer test

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0027275216&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0027275216&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 8362634

AN - SCOPUS:0027275216

VL - 71

SP - 347

EP - 352

JO - Acta Ophthalmologica

JF - Acta Ophthalmologica

SN - 1755-375X

IS - 3

ER -