The projection method to solve the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations was first studied by Chorin [Math. Comp., 1969] in the framework of a finite difference method and Temam [Arch. Rational Mech. and Anal., 1969] in the framework of a finite element method. Chorin showed convergence of approximation and its error estimates in problems with the periodic boundary condition assuming existence of a C5-solution, while Temam demonstrated an abstract argument to obtain a Leray-Hopf weak solution in problems on a bounded domain with the no-slip boundary condition. In the present paper, the authors extend Chorin's result with full details to obtain convergent finite difference approximation of a Leray-Hopf weak solution to the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations on an arbitrary bounded Lipschitz domain of R3 with the no-slip boundary condition and an external force. We prove unconditional solvability of our implicit scheme and strong L2-convergence (up to subsequence) under the scaling condition h3−α ≤ τ (no upper bound is necessary), where h, τ are space, time discretization parameters, respectively, and α ∈ (0, 2] is any fixed constant. The results contain a compactness method based on a new interpolation inequality for step functions.
35Q30, 35D30, 65M06
|Publication status||Published - 2018 Sep 12|
- Finite difference scheme
- Incompressible Navier-Stokes equations
- Leray-Hopf weak solution
- Projection method
ASJC Scopus subject areas