### Abstract

Two approaches have been developed for deriving the properties of efficiency and consistency of standard errors of two step estimators of linear models containing current or lagged unobserved expectations of a single variable. One method is based on the derivatives of the likelihood function and information matrix, while the other uses the true covariance matrix of the disturbance vector when unknown parameters or variables are replaced by corresponding estimates. In this paper, the second approach is extended to cases where the structural equation is nonlinear and the model contains expectations of more than one variable or expectations of future variables. The properties of a frequently used estimator to deal with missing observations problems, a model involving a variance as an explanatory variable, and a recently developed estimator for autoregressive moving average models can be easily derived using the results of the paper. Methods for improving the efficiency of two step estimators are outlined.

Original language | English |
---|---|

Pages (from-to) | 368-389 |

Number of pages | 22 |

Journal | Japanese Economic Review |

Volume | 48 |

Issue number | 4 |

Publication status | Published - 1997 |

Externally published | Yes |

### Fingerprint

### Keywords

- Efficiency
- Generated regressors
- Inference
- Rational expectations models
- Two step estimation

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Economics and Econometrics

### Cite this

*Japanese Economic Review*,

*48*(4), 368-389.

**On efficient estimation and correct inference in models with generated regressors : A general approach.** / Mckenzie, Colin R; McAleer, Michael.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Article

*Japanese Economic Review*, vol. 48, no. 4, pp. 368-389.

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - On efficient estimation and correct inference in models with generated regressors

T2 - A general approach

AU - Mckenzie, Colin R

AU - McAleer, Michael

PY - 1997

Y1 - 1997

N2 - Two approaches have been developed for deriving the properties of efficiency and consistency of standard errors of two step estimators of linear models containing current or lagged unobserved expectations of a single variable. One method is based on the derivatives of the likelihood function and information matrix, while the other uses the true covariance matrix of the disturbance vector when unknown parameters or variables are replaced by corresponding estimates. In this paper, the second approach is extended to cases where the structural equation is nonlinear and the model contains expectations of more than one variable or expectations of future variables. The properties of a frequently used estimator to deal with missing observations problems, a model involving a variance as an explanatory variable, and a recently developed estimator for autoregressive moving average models can be easily derived using the results of the paper. Methods for improving the efficiency of two step estimators are outlined.

AB - Two approaches have been developed for deriving the properties of efficiency and consistency of standard errors of two step estimators of linear models containing current or lagged unobserved expectations of a single variable. One method is based on the derivatives of the likelihood function and information matrix, while the other uses the true covariance matrix of the disturbance vector when unknown parameters or variables are replaced by corresponding estimates. In this paper, the second approach is extended to cases where the structural equation is nonlinear and the model contains expectations of more than one variable or expectations of future variables. The properties of a frequently used estimator to deal with missing observations problems, a model involving a variance as an explanatory variable, and a recently developed estimator for autoregressive moving average models can be easily derived using the results of the paper. Methods for improving the efficiency of two step estimators are outlined.

KW - Efficiency

KW - Generated regressors

KW - Inference

KW - Rational expectations models

KW - Two step estimation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0001161060&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0001161060&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0001161060

VL - 48

SP - 368

EP - 389

JO - Japanese Economic Review

JF - Japanese Economic Review

SN - 1352-4739

IS - 4

ER -