On the glassy state of multiphase and pure polymer materials

Stephan A. Baeurle, Atsushi Hotta, Andrei A. Gusev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this work we formulate a new glass theory and investigate its suitability for describing the mechanical response of thermoplastic elastomers composed of styrenic-block copolymers. These materials are composed of glassy domains of polystyrene, which physically link soft rubbery chain segments made of either polybutadiene or polyisoprene. We demonstrate that the crossover in the shift factors, observed experimentally to change from Williams-Landel-Ferry to Arrhenius behavior passing through a characteristic crossover temperature T* from below, coincides with the crossover from power-law to stretched-exponential behavior of the stress relaxation found in recent tensile experiments. Moreover, we show that the characteristic crossover temperature T* is identical with the underlying true equilibrium second-order phase transition temperature T2 of the polystyrene crosslinks, predicted by the thermodynamic theory of Gibbs and Di Marzio for pure glassy polystyrene in the infinite-time limit. By combining the recently introduced theory of Di Marzio and Yang with the significant-structure theory of Eyring and Ree, we develop a new glass theory, which is capable of explaining the mechanical response of multiphase as well as pure glassy materials. Moreover, we show a clear evidence for the existence of T2 postulated in 1950s for pure glasses and hotly debated since then.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6243-6253
Number of pages11
JournalPolymer
Volume47
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Aug 9
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Glass transition
  • Nanophase-separated block copolymers
  • Pure polymers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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