Optical polarization variations in the blazar PKS 1749+096

Makoto Uemura, Ryosuke Itoh, Ioannis Liodakis, Dmitry Blinov, Masanori Nakayama, Longyin Xu, Naoko Sawada, Hsiang Yun Wu, Issei Fujishiro

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Abstract

We report on the variation in the optical polarization of the blazar PKS 1749+096 observed in 2008-2015. The degree of polarization (PD) tends to increase in short flares, having a time-scale of a few days. The object favors a polarization angle (PA) of 40°-50° at the flare maxima, which is close to the position angle of the jet (20°-40°). Three clear polarization rotations were detected in the negative PA direction associated with flares. In addition, a rapid and large decrease in the PA was observed in the other two flares, while another two flares showed no large PA variation. The light-curve maxima of the flares possibly tended to lag behind the PD maxima and color-index minima. The PA became -50° to -20° in the decay phase of active states, which is almost perpendicular to the jet position angle. We propose a scenario to explain these observational features, where transverse shocks propagate along curved trajectories. The favored PA at the flaremaxima suggests that the observed variations were governed by the variations in the Doppler factor, δ. Based on this scenario, the minimum viewing angle of the source, θmin = 4.° 8-6.° 6, and the location of the source, Δr ≥ 0.1 pc, from the central black hole were estimated. In addition, the acceleration of electrons by the shock and synchrotron cooling would have a time-scale similar to that of the change in d. The combined effect of the variation in d and acceleration/cooling of electrons is probably responsible for the observed diversity of the polarization variations in the flares.

Original languageEnglish
Article number96
JournalPublications of the Astronomical Society of Japan
Volume69
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Uemura, M., Itoh, R., Liodakis, I., Blinov, D., Nakayama, M., Xu, L., Sawada, N., Wu, H. Y., & Fujishiro, I. (2017). Optical polarization variations in the blazar PKS 1749+096. Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan, 69(6), [96]. https://doi.org/10.1093/pasj/psx111