Orbital Isotropy of Magnetic Fluctuations in Correlated Electron Materials Induced by Hund's Exchange Coupling

Evgeny A. Stepanov, Yusuke Nomura, Alexander I. Lichtenstein, Silke Biermann

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Characterizing nonlocal magnetic fluctuations in materials with strong electronic Coulomb interactions remains one of the major outstanding challenges of modern condensed matter theory. In this Letter, we address the spatial symmetry and orbital structure of magnetic fluctuations in perovskite materials. To this aim, we develop a consistent multiorbital diagrammatic extension of dynamical mean-field theory, which we apply to an anisotropic three-orbital model of cubic t2g symmetry. We find that the form of spatial spin fluctuations is governed by the local Hund's coupling. For small values of the coupling, magnetic fluctuations are anisotropic in orbital space, which reflects the symmetry of the considered t2g model. Large Hund's coupling enhances collective spin excitations, which mixes orbital and spatial degrees of freedom, and magnetic fluctuations become orbitally isotropic. Remarkably, this effect can be seen only in two-particle quantities; single-particle observables remain anisotropic for any value of the Hund's coupling. Importantly, we find that the orbital isotropy can be induced both at half filling and for the case of four electrons per lattice site, where the magnetic instability is associated with different, antiferromagnetic and ferromagnetic, modes, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Article number207205
JournalPhysical review letters
Volume127
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Nov 12
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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