Cell-cell fusion is a dynamic phenomenon promoting cytoskeletal reorganization and phenotypic changes. To characterize factors essential for fusion of macrophage lineage cells, we identified the multitransmembrane protein, osteoclast stimulatory transmembrane protein (OC-STAMP), and analyzed its function. OC-STAMP-deficient mice exhibited a complete lack of cell-cell fusion of osteoclasts and foreign body giant cells (FBGCs), both of which are macrophage-lineage multinuclear cells, although expression of dendritic cell specific transmembrane protein (DC-STAMP), which is also essential for osteoclast/FBGC fusion, was normal. Crossing OC-STAMP-overexpressing transgenic mice with OC-STAMP-deficient mice restored inhibited osteoclast and FBGC cell-cell fusion seen in OC-STAMP-deficient mice. Thus, fusogenic mechanisms in macrophage-lineage cells are regulated via OC-STAMP and DC-STAMP.
- CELL-CELL FUSION
- DENDRITIC CELL-SPECIFIC TRANSMEMBRANE PROTEIN
- OSTEOCLAST STIMULATORY TRANSMEMBRANE PROTEIN
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine