Outcome of allogeneic stem cell transplantation in patients older than 50 years of age

Satoru Takada, Shinichiro Okamoto, Hisashi Sakamaki, Atsuo Maruta, Heiwa Kanamori, Miki Nishimura, Nobuyuki Aotsuka, Kenji Kishi, Shuichi Miyawaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Because of progress in supportive therapies, the upper limit of age for conventional allogenic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) is rising. We retrospectively evaluated the impact of age on transplant outcomes in patients older than 50 years of age who underwent conventional allo-SCT in 8 institutions in Japan. The median age was 52-years old (range 50 to 65). The underlying diseases included severe aplastic anemia (n = 3), acute myelogenous leukemia (n = 20), acute lymphoblastic leukemia (n = 10), chronic myelogenous leukemia (n = 11), myelodysplastic syndrome (n = 18), and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (n = 3). Forty two patients (67%) with hematological malignancies received allo-SCT in an advanced disease stage at the time of transplant. The two-year overall survival and disease-free survival rate were 50.1% and 43.6%, respectively. In patients with hematological malignancies, the two-year probability rates of survival were 54.3% with standard risk patients, and 45.9% with poor risk patients. The severity of acute GVHD, the kind of grafts, and age (> or = 55) were related to poor prognosis. Our data suggest that prophylaxis of acute GVHD and selection of the graft is more important for older patients, and that patients less than 55-years old can be candidates for conventional allo-SCT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)904-910
Number of pages7
Journal[Rinshō ketsueki] The Japanese journal of clinical hematology
Volume43
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Oct
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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