Laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) is being accepted as an effective alternative to open splenectomy (OS) in treating idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). The objective of our retrospective study is to compare the outcome of LS and OS and to evaluate their safety and efficacy, We compared 14 LS patients who underwent treatment from February 1998 to April 2001 to a control group of 7 patients who underwent OS. All LSs were successful. The mean operative time was 185 minutes (range: 143-260) for LS and 116 minutes (range: 78-140) for OS (p<0. 01) with a similar amount of blood loss of 87.7ml for LS and 101.7ml for OS, Postoperative use of analgesics was lower for LS patients (p<0.01), and LS patients tolerated oral intake and mobilization earlier than OS patients (p<0.01). The median length of postoperative stay was 10.9 days for LS and 15.7days for OS (p<0, 01). Complications occurred in 14% of LS patients and 28% of OS patients. Compared to OS, LS requires more operative time but is associated with less pain, a more rapid return of gastrointestinal function, and a shorter hospital stay. With respect to ITP treatment, LS appears to be an effective alternative to OS.
- Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
- Laparoscopic splenectomy
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