P2P video-on-demand streaming using caching and reservation scheme based on video popularity

Takaya Fujimoto, Rei Endo, Hiroshi Shigeno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In peer-to-peer video-on-demand streaming, peers reduce video server load by caching viewed video data and sending these data to other peers. Although a first-in, first-out approach is typically used in the caching algorithm, it is not an efficient use of peers' upload capacity because the peers can cache the data of unpopular videos that no other peers request. In this paper, we propose a video-popularity-based caching and reservation (VPCR) scheme that increases the utilisation of peers' upload capacity. Through caching based on video popularity, even when peers view unpopular videos, they can deliver popular videos to other peers. The reservation scheme addresses temporal viewership fluctuations for each video which decrease utilisation of peers' upload capacity in VPCR. We evaluate VPCR through computer simulations and show that it is efficient in reducing the video server load under various video popularity distributions. We also show the relation between video server load and the number of simultaneous reservation acceptances for each peer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)188-199
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Grid and Utility Computing
Volume3
Issue number2-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jul

Keywords

  • Load distribution
  • P2P
  • Peer-to-peer
  • Popularity
  • Popularity distributions
  • Reservation
  • Streaming
  • Temporal fluctuation
  • Video-on-demand
  • VoD

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Management Information Systems
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics

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