Cisplatin (DDP) is one of the key drugs used to treat patients with ovarian cancer, although resistance to DDP can occur. Paclitaxel and SN-38 (an active metabolite of irinotecan (CPT-11)) are two drugs that are effective in patients with DDP-resistant ovarian cancer. To study how these drugs may overcome the intrinsic and/or acquired resistance of cancer cells to DDP, we investigated the effect of a combination of DDP with paclitaxel and a combination of DDP with SN-38 on three ovarian cancer cell lines, RTSG (intrinsically resistant cell line), KF (DDP-sensitive cell line), and KFra (acquired resistant cell line obtained from KF). We found that these combinations showed additive to synergistic antitumor activity. A time-dependent platinum (Pt) accumulation was observed in the DDP-sensitive KF cell line, while a decrease occurred in the KFra cell line. Little accumulation was observed in RTSG. Intracellular Pt accumulation was increased in all three cell lines by exposure to paclitaxel or SN-38. Ouabain, a Na+, K+-ATPase inhibitor, decreased Pt accumulation in KF and KFra cell lines and inhibited the paclitaxel- and SN-38-induced increases in Pt accumulation in these cell lines. When we assessed the mRNA levels of the multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP), which may be an efflux pump for DDP, the combination of paclitaxel or SN-38 with DDP down-regulated these levels, which are up-regulated by DDP alone. These results suggest that paclitaxel and SN-38 overcome DDP resistance of ovarian cell lines by controlling intracellular accumulation of DDP via both the influx and efflux systems.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Japanese Journal of Cancer Research|
|Publication status||Published - 2001|
- Multidrug resistance-associated protein
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research