Panel 3

Recent advances in anatomy, pathology, and cell biology in relation to otitis media pathogenesis

Per Caye-Thomasen, Ann Hermansson, Lauren Bakaletz, Sten Hellstrm, Sho Kanzaki, Joseph Kerschner, David Lim, Jizhen Lin, Kevin Mason, Jorge Spratley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and Objectives. The pathogenesis of otitis media (OM) involves a number of factors related to the anatomy, pathology, and cell biology of the middle ear, the mastoid, the Eustachian tube, and the nasopharynx. Although some issues of pathogenesis are fairly well established, others are only marginally indicated by current knowledge, and yet others remain undisclosed. The objective of this article is to provide a state-of-the-art review on recent scientific achievements in the pathogenesis of OM, as related to anatomy, pathology, and cell biology. Data Sources. PubMed, Ovid Medline, and Cochrane Library. Review Methods. Articles published on the pathogenesis of OM and the anatomy, pathology, and cell biology of the middle ear, the mastoid, the Eustachian tube, and the nasopharynx between January 2007 and June 2011 were identified. Among almost 1900 abstracts, the authors selected 130 articles for full article review and inclusion in this report. Results. New knowledge on a number of issues emerged, including cell-specific expression and function of fluid transportation and innate immune system molecules, mucous cell metaplasia, mucin expression, bacterial adherence, and epithelial internalization, as well as the occurrence, composition, dynamics, and potential role of bacterial biofilm. In addition, the potential role of gastroesophageal reflux disease and cigarette smoke exposure has been explored further. Conclusions and Implications for Practice. Over the past 4 years, considerable scientific progress has been made on the pathogenesis of OM, as related to issues of anatomy, pathology, and cell biology. Based on these new achievements and a sustained lack of essential knowledge, suggestions for future research are outlined.

Original languageEnglish
JournalOtolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (United States)
Volume148
Issue number4 SUPPL.
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Apr

Fingerprint

Otitis Media
Cell Biology
Anatomy
Pathology
Eustachian Tube
Mastoid
Nasopharynx
Middle Ear
Information Storage and Retrieval
Metaplasia
Mucins
Biofilms
Gastroesophageal Reflux
PubMed
Smoke
Tobacco Products
Libraries
Immune System

Keywords

  • Anatomy
  • Cell biology
  • Otitis media
  • Pathology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Surgery
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Panel 3 : Recent advances in anatomy, pathology, and cell biology in relation to otitis media pathogenesis. / Caye-Thomasen, Per; Hermansson, Ann; Bakaletz, Lauren; Hellstrm, Sten; Kanzaki, Sho; Kerschner, Joseph; Lim, David; Lin, Jizhen; Mason, Kevin; Spratley, Jorge.

In: Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (United States), Vol. 148, No. 4 SUPPL., 04.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Caye-Thomasen, P, Hermansson, A, Bakaletz, L, Hellstrm, S, Kanzaki, S, Kerschner, J, Lim, D, Lin, J, Mason, K & Spratley, J 2013, 'Panel 3: Recent advances in anatomy, pathology, and cell biology in relation to otitis media pathogenesis', Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (United States), vol. 148, no. 4 SUPPL.. https://doi.org/10.1177/0194599813476257
Caye-Thomasen, Per ; Hermansson, Ann ; Bakaletz, Lauren ; Hellstrm, Sten ; Kanzaki, Sho ; Kerschner, Joseph ; Lim, David ; Lin, Jizhen ; Mason, Kevin ; Spratley, Jorge. / Panel 3 : Recent advances in anatomy, pathology, and cell biology in relation to otitis media pathogenesis. In: Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (United States). 2013 ; Vol. 148, No. 4 SUPPL.
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