PAPSS2 mutations cause autosomal recessive brachyolmia

Noriko Miyake, Nursel H. Elcioglu, Aritoshi Iida, Pinar Isguven, Jin Dai, Nobuyuki Murakami, Kazuyuki Takamura, Tae Joon Cho, Ok Hwa Kim, Tomonobu Hasegawa, Toshiro Nagai, Hirofumi Ohashi, Gen Nishimura, Naomichi Matsumoto, Shiro Ikegawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Brachyolmia is a heterogeneous group of skeletal dysplasias that primarily affects the spine. Clinical and genetic heterogeneity have been reported; at least three types of brachyolmia are known. TRPV4 mutations have been identified in an autosomal dominant form of brachyolmia; however, disease genes for autosomal recessive (AR) forms remain totally unknown. We conducted a study on a Turkish family with an AR brachyolmia, with the aim of identifying a disease gene for AR brachyolmia. Methods and results We examined three affected individuals of the family using exon capture followed by next generation sequencing and identified its disease gene, PAPSS2 (phosphoadenosine-phosphosulfate synthetase 2). The patients had a homozygous loss of function mutation, c.337_338insG (p.A113GfsX18). We further examined three patients with similar brachyolmia phenotypes (two Japanese and a Korean) and also identified loss of function mutations in PAPSS2; one patient was homozygous for IVS3+2delT, and the other two were compound heterozygotes for c.616-634del19 (p.V206SfsX9) and c.1309-1310delAG (p.R437GfsX19), and c.480_481insCGTA (p.K161RfsX6) and c.661delA (p.I221SfsX40), respectively. The six patients had shorttrunk short stature that became conspicuous during childhood with normal intelligence and facies. Their radiographic features included rectangular vertebral bodies with irregular endplates and narrow intervertebral discs, precocious calcification of rib cartilages, short femoral neck, and mildly shortened metacarpals. Spinal changes were very similar among the six patients; however, epiphyseal and metaphyseal changes of the tubular bones were variable. Conclusions We identified PAPSS2 as the disease gene for an AR brachyolmia. PAPSS2 mutations have produced a skeletal dysplasia family, with a gradation of phenotypes ranging from brachyolmia to spondyloepi-metaphyseal dysplasia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)533-538
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Medical Genetics
Volume49
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Aug

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Mutation
Recessive Genes
Phenotype
Metacarpal Bones
Genetic Heterogeneity
Intervertebral Disc
Femur Neck
Ribs
Heterozygote
PAPS synthetase
Brachyolmia
Intelligence
Cartilage
Exons
Spine
Bone and Bones
Genes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

Cite this

Miyake, N., Elcioglu, N. H., Iida, A., Isguven, P., Dai, J., Murakami, N., ... Ikegawa, S. (2012). PAPSS2 mutations cause autosomal recessive brachyolmia. Journal of Medical Genetics, 49(8), 533-538. https://doi.org/10.1136/jmedgenet-2012-101039

PAPSS2 mutations cause autosomal recessive brachyolmia. / Miyake, Noriko; Elcioglu, Nursel H.; Iida, Aritoshi; Isguven, Pinar; Dai, Jin; Murakami, Nobuyuki; Takamura, Kazuyuki; Cho, Tae Joon; Kim, Ok Hwa; Hasegawa, Tomonobu; Nagai, Toshiro; Ohashi, Hirofumi; Nishimura, Gen; Matsumoto, Naomichi; Ikegawa, Shiro.

In: Journal of Medical Genetics, Vol. 49, No. 8, 08.2012, p. 533-538.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Miyake, N, Elcioglu, NH, Iida, A, Isguven, P, Dai, J, Murakami, N, Takamura, K, Cho, TJ, Kim, OH, Hasegawa, T, Nagai, T, Ohashi, H, Nishimura, G, Matsumoto, N & Ikegawa, S 2012, 'PAPSS2 mutations cause autosomal recessive brachyolmia', Journal of Medical Genetics, vol. 49, no. 8, pp. 533-538. https://doi.org/10.1136/jmedgenet-2012-101039
Miyake N, Elcioglu NH, Iida A, Isguven P, Dai J, Murakami N et al. PAPSS2 mutations cause autosomal recessive brachyolmia. Journal of Medical Genetics. 2012 Aug;49(8):533-538. https://doi.org/10.1136/jmedgenet-2012-101039
Miyake, Noriko ; Elcioglu, Nursel H. ; Iida, Aritoshi ; Isguven, Pinar ; Dai, Jin ; Murakami, Nobuyuki ; Takamura, Kazuyuki ; Cho, Tae Joon ; Kim, Ok Hwa ; Hasegawa, Tomonobu ; Nagai, Toshiro ; Ohashi, Hirofumi ; Nishimura, Gen ; Matsumoto, Naomichi ; Ikegawa, Shiro. / PAPSS2 mutations cause autosomal recessive brachyolmia. In: Journal of Medical Genetics. 2012 ; Vol. 49, No. 8. pp. 533-538.
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abstract = "Background Brachyolmia is a heterogeneous group of skeletal dysplasias that primarily affects the spine. Clinical and genetic heterogeneity have been reported; at least three types of brachyolmia are known. TRPV4 mutations have been identified in an autosomal dominant form of brachyolmia; however, disease genes for autosomal recessive (AR) forms remain totally unknown. We conducted a study on a Turkish family with an AR brachyolmia, with the aim of identifying a disease gene for AR brachyolmia. Methods and results We examined three affected individuals of the family using exon capture followed by next generation sequencing and identified its disease gene, PAPSS2 (phosphoadenosine-phosphosulfate synthetase 2). The patients had a homozygous loss of function mutation, c.337_338insG (p.A113GfsX18). We further examined three patients with similar brachyolmia phenotypes (two Japanese and a Korean) and also identified loss of function mutations in PAPSS2; one patient was homozygous for IVS3+2delT, and the other two were compound heterozygotes for c.616-634del19 (p.V206SfsX9) and c.1309-1310delAG (p.R437GfsX19), and c.480_481insCGTA (p.K161RfsX6) and c.661delA (p.I221SfsX40), respectively. The six patients had shorttrunk short stature that became conspicuous during childhood with normal intelligence and facies. Their radiographic features included rectangular vertebral bodies with irregular endplates and narrow intervertebral discs, precocious calcification of rib cartilages, short femoral neck, and mildly shortened metacarpals. Spinal changes were very similar among the six patients; however, epiphyseal and metaphyseal changes of the tubular bones were variable. Conclusions We identified PAPSS2 as the disease gene for an AR brachyolmia. PAPSS2 mutations have produced a skeletal dysplasia family, with a gradation of phenotypes ranging from brachyolmia to spondyloepi-metaphyseal dysplasia.",
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T1 - PAPSS2 mutations cause autosomal recessive brachyolmia

AU - Miyake, Noriko

AU - Elcioglu, Nursel H.

AU - Iida, Aritoshi

AU - Isguven, Pinar

AU - Dai, Jin

AU - Murakami, Nobuyuki

AU - Takamura, Kazuyuki

AU - Cho, Tae Joon

AU - Kim, Ok Hwa

AU - Hasegawa, Tomonobu

AU - Nagai, Toshiro

AU - Ohashi, Hirofumi

AU - Nishimura, Gen

AU - Matsumoto, Naomichi

AU - Ikegawa, Shiro

PY - 2012/8

Y1 - 2012/8

N2 - Background Brachyolmia is a heterogeneous group of skeletal dysplasias that primarily affects the spine. Clinical and genetic heterogeneity have been reported; at least three types of brachyolmia are known. TRPV4 mutations have been identified in an autosomal dominant form of brachyolmia; however, disease genes for autosomal recessive (AR) forms remain totally unknown. We conducted a study on a Turkish family with an AR brachyolmia, with the aim of identifying a disease gene for AR brachyolmia. Methods and results We examined three affected individuals of the family using exon capture followed by next generation sequencing and identified its disease gene, PAPSS2 (phosphoadenosine-phosphosulfate synthetase 2). The patients had a homozygous loss of function mutation, c.337_338insG (p.A113GfsX18). We further examined three patients with similar brachyolmia phenotypes (two Japanese and a Korean) and also identified loss of function mutations in PAPSS2; one patient was homozygous for IVS3+2delT, and the other two were compound heterozygotes for c.616-634del19 (p.V206SfsX9) and c.1309-1310delAG (p.R437GfsX19), and c.480_481insCGTA (p.K161RfsX6) and c.661delA (p.I221SfsX40), respectively. The six patients had shorttrunk short stature that became conspicuous during childhood with normal intelligence and facies. Their radiographic features included rectangular vertebral bodies with irregular endplates and narrow intervertebral discs, precocious calcification of rib cartilages, short femoral neck, and mildly shortened metacarpals. Spinal changes were very similar among the six patients; however, epiphyseal and metaphyseal changes of the tubular bones were variable. Conclusions We identified PAPSS2 as the disease gene for an AR brachyolmia. PAPSS2 mutations have produced a skeletal dysplasia family, with a gradation of phenotypes ranging from brachyolmia to spondyloepi-metaphyseal dysplasia.

AB - Background Brachyolmia is a heterogeneous group of skeletal dysplasias that primarily affects the spine. Clinical and genetic heterogeneity have been reported; at least three types of brachyolmia are known. TRPV4 mutations have been identified in an autosomal dominant form of brachyolmia; however, disease genes for autosomal recessive (AR) forms remain totally unknown. We conducted a study on a Turkish family with an AR brachyolmia, with the aim of identifying a disease gene for AR brachyolmia. Methods and results We examined three affected individuals of the family using exon capture followed by next generation sequencing and identified its disease gene, PAPSS2 (phosphoadenosine-phosphosulfate synthetase 2). The patients had a homozygous loss of function mutation, c.337_338insG (p.A113GfsX18). We further examined three patients with similar brachyolmia phenotypes (two Japanese and a Korean) and also identified loss of function mutations in PAPSS2; one patient was homozygous for IVS3+2delT, and the other two were compound heterozygotes for c.616-634del19 (p.V206SfsX9) and c.1309-1310delAG (p.R437GfsX19), and c.480_481insCGTA (p.K161RfsX6) and c.661delA (p.I221SfsX40), respectively. The six patients had shorttrunk short stature that became conspicuous during childhood with normal intelligence and facies. Their radiographic features included rectangular vertebral bodies with irregular endplates and narrow intervertebral discs, precocious calcification of rib cartilages, short femoral neck, and mildly shortened metacarpals. Spinal changes were very similar among the six patients; however, epiphyseal and metaphyseal changes of the tubular bones were variable. Conclusions We identified PAPSS2 as the disease gene for an AR brachyolmia. PAPSS2 mutations have produced a skeletal dysplasia family, with a gradation of phenotypes ranging from brachyolmia to spondyloepi-metaphyseal dysplasia.

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