Pathological Evaluation of Resected Colorectal Liver Metastases: mFOLFOX6 Plus Bevacizumab versus mFOLFOX6 Plus Cetuximab in the Phase II ATOM Trial

Takao Takahashi, Kazuyuki Ishida, Yasunori Emi, Michiie Sakamoto, Johji Imura, Shinichi Aishima, Kei Muro, Hiroyuki Uetake, Eiji Oki, Yu Katayose, Kazuhiro Yoshida, Michiaki Unno, Ichinosuke Hyodo, Naohiro Tomita, Kenichi Sugihara, Yoshihiko Maehara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We compared the preplanned histopathological responses of resected liver metastases from patients who received modified FOLFOX6 plus bevacizumab or modified FOLFOX6 plus cetuximab for liver-limited colorectal metastases in the ATOM trial. Fibrosis and viable tumor cells in tumor regression grade (TRG), infarct-like necrosis in modified TRG (mTRG), and dangerous halo (DH) were assessed. Fifty-five patients (28 and 27 patients in the bevacizumab and cetuximab arms, respectively) were divided into the low (viable tumor cells ≤ 50%) and high (>50%) TRG or mTRG groups. DH was characterized as absent/rare or focal/diffuse. Compared to the bevacizumab arm, the cetuximab arm was more effective, with respect to low TRG (13 vs. 23 patients) and absent/rare DH (14 vs. 19 patients), respectively. Low mTRG was similarly observed in both arms. Low TRG/mTRG and absent/rare DH showed better relapse-free survival (RFS) than high TRG/mTRG and focal/diffuse DH. In the bevacizumab arm, a significant difference in RFS existed between the low and high TRG groups, while in the cetuximab arm, for TRG, mTRG, and DH, the low and absent/rare groups demonstrated significantly longer RFS than the high and focal/diffuse groups, respectively. TRG could estimate RFS in patients who underwent liver metastasectomy after bevacizumab or cetuximab chemotherapy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4392
JournalCancers
Volume14
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Sep

Keywords

  • ATOM trial
  • bevacizumab
  • cetuximab
  • chemotherapy
  • colorectal liver metastases
  • histopathological response

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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