Patterns of statin non-prescription in patients with established coronary artery disease: A report from a contemporary multicenter Japanese PCI registry

Mitsuaki Sawano, Shun Kohsaka, Takayuki Abe, Taku Inohara, Yuichiro Maekawa, Ikuko Ueda, Koichiro Sueyoshi, Masahiro Suzuki, Shigetaka Noma, Yohei Numasawa, Hiroaki Miyata, Keiichi Fukuda, Kim G. Smolderen, John A. Spertus

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Statin therapy is regarded as an effective medication to reduce cardiovascular events in patients at higher risk for future incidence of coronary artery disease. However, very few studies have been conducted to examine its implementation in non-Western real-world practice. In this study, we sought to describe statin prescription patterns in relation to patient characteristics in a Japanese multicenter percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) registry as a foundation for quality improvement. We studied 15,024 patients that were prospectively enrolled in the Japan Cardiovascular Database-Keio interhospital Cardiovascular Study Registry from January 2009 to August 2014. The overall discharge statin non-prescription rate was 15.2%, without significant interhospital (MOR = 1.01) or annual differences (MOR = 1.13) observed. Hierarchical multivariable logistic regression analysis accounting for regional differences revealed that the presence of chronic kidney disease was associated with higher rates of statin non-prescription (OR 1.87, 95% confidence interval, 1.69–2.08, p value <0.001), and higher age (per 1-year increase) showed a trend for prescription of low-intensity statin (OR 1.00, 95% confidence interval, 1.00–1.01, p value = 0.045) within the subset of PCI patients (N = 4,853) enrolled after the year 2011. Our study indicates that patients with chronic kidney disease and elderlies may be the primary targets for maximizing the beneficial effect of statin therapy in post PCI patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0182687
JournalPloS one
Volume12
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Aug

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

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    Sawano, M., Kohsaka, S., Abe, T., Inohara, T., Maekawa, Y., Ueda, I., Sueyoshi, K., Suzuki, M., Noma, S., Numasawa, Y., Miyata, H., Fukuda, K., Smolderen, K. G., & Spertus, J. A. (2017). Patterns of statin non-prescription in patients with established coronary artery disease: A report from a contemporary multicenter Japanese PCI registry. PloS one, 12(8), [e0182687]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0182687