Performance of integrated FDG-PET/contrast-enhanced CT in the diagnosis of recurrent ovarian cancer: Comparison with integrated FDG-PET/non-contrast- enhanced CT and enhanced CT

Kazuhiro Kitajima, Koji Murakami, Erena Yamasaki, Yasushi Domeki, Yasushi Kaji, Ichio Fukasawa, Noriyuki Inaba, Narufumi Suganuma, Kazuro Sugimura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

73 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of integrated positron emission tomography and computed tomography (PET/CT) using 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose with IV contrast for depiction of suspected recurrent ovarian cancer and to assess the impact of PET/contrast-enhanced CT findings on clinical management, compared with PET/non-contrast-enhanced CT and CT component. Methods: One hundred thirty-two women previously treated for ovarian cancer underwent PET/CT consisting of non-enhanced and contrast-enhanced CT for suspected recurrence. PET/contrast enhanced CT, PET/non-contrast- enhanced CT, and enhanced CT were interpreted by two experienced radiologists by consensus for each investigation. Lesion status was determined on the basis of histopathology, radiological imaging, and clinical follow-up for longer than 6 months. Results: Patient-based analysis showed that the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of PET/contrast-enhanced CT were 78.8% (52 of 66), 90.9% (60 of 66), and 84.8% (112 of 132), respectively, whereas those of PET/non-contrast-enhanced CT were 74.2% (49 of 66), 90.9% (60 of 66), and 82.6% (109 of 132), respectively, and those of enhanced CT were 60.6% (40 of 66), 84.8% (56 of 66), and 72.7% (96 of 132), respectively. Sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy differed significantly among the three modalities (Cochran Q test: p=0.0001, p=0.018, and p<0.0001, respectively). The findings of PET/contrast-enhanced CT resulted in a change of management for 51 of the 132 patients (39%) and had an effect on patient management in 16 patients (12%) diagnosed by enhanced CT alone and three patients (2%) diagnosed by PET/non-contrast-enhanced CT. Conclusion: Integrated PET/contrast-enhanced CT is an accurate modality for assessing ovarian cancer recurrence and led to changes in the subsequent appropriate therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1439-1448
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Volume35
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Aug

Keywords

  • F-FDG
  • Ovarian cancer
  • PET/CT
  • Recurrence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Performance of integrated FDG-PET/contrast-enhanced CT in the diagnosis of recurrent ovarian cancer: Comparison with integrated FDG-PET/non-contrast- enhanced CT and enhanced CT'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this