Personality-obesity associations are driven by narrow traits: A meta-analysis

Uku Vainik, Alain Dagher, Anu Realo, Lucía Colodro-Conde, Erik Lykke Mortensen, Kerry Jang, Jyukou Andou, Christian Kandler, Thorkild I.A. Sørensen, René Mõttus

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Obesity has inconsistent associations with broad personality domains, possibly because the links pertain to only some facets of these domains. Collating published and unpublished studies (N = 14 848), we meta-analysed the associations between body mass index (BMI) and Five-Factor Model personality domains as well as 30 Five-Factor Model personality facets. At the domain level, BMI had a positive association with Neuroticism and a negative association with Conscientiousness domains. At the facet level, we found associations between BMI and 15 facets from all five personality domains, with only some Neuroticism and Conscientiousness facets among them. Certain personality-BMI associations were moderated by sample properties, such as proportions of women or participants with obesity; these moderation effects were replicated in the individual-level analysis. Finally, facet-based personality “risk” scores accounted for 2.3% of variance in BMI in a separate sample of individuals (N = 3569), 409% more than domain-based scores. Taken together, personality-BMI associations are facet specific, and delineating them may help to explain obesity-related behaviours and inform intervention designs. Preprint and data are available at https://psyarxiv.com/z35vn/.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1121-1131
Number of pages11
JournalObesity Reviews
Volume20
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Aug 1

Fingerprint

Personality
Meta-Analysis
Obesity
Body Mass Index

Keywords

  • body mass index
  • personality
  • prediction
  • risk score

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Vainik, U., Dagher, A., Realo, A., Colodro-Conde, L., Mortensen, E. L., Jang, K., ... Mõttus, R. (2019). Personality-obesity associations are driven by narrow traits: A meta-analysis. Obesity Reviews, 20(8), 1121-1131. https://doi.org/10.1111/obr.12856

Personality-obesity associations are driven by narrow traits : A meta-analysis. / Vainik, Uku; Dagher, Alain; Realo, Anu; Colodro-Conde, Lucía; Mortensen, Erik Lykke; Jang, Kerry; Andou, Jyukou; Kandler, Christian; Sørensen, Thorkild I.A.; Mõttus, René.

In: Obesity Reviews, Vol. 20, No. 8, 01.08.2019, p. 1121-1131.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Vainik, U, Dagher, A, Realo, A, Colodro-Conde, L, Mortensen, EL, Jang, K, Andou, J, Kandler, C, Sørensen, TIA & Mõttus, R 2019, 'Personality-obesity associations are driven by narrow traits: A meta-analysis', Obesity Reviews, vol. 20, no. 8, pp. 1121-1131. https://doi.org/10.1111/obr.12856
Vainik U, Dagher A, Realo A, Colodro-Conde L, Mortensen EL, Jang K et al. Personality-obesity associations are driven by narrow traits: A meta-analysis. Obesity Reviews. 2019 Aug 1;20(8):1121-1131. https://doi.org/10.1111/obr.12856
Vainik, Uku ; Dagher, Alain ; Realo, Anu ; Colodro-Conde, Lucía ; Mortensen, Erik Lykke ; Jang, Kerry ; Andou, Jyukou ; Kandler, Christian ; Sørensen, Thorkild I.A. ; Mõttus, René. / Personality-obesity associations are driven by narrow traits : A meta-analysis. In: Obesity Reviews. 2019 ; Vol. 20, No. 8. pp. 1121-1131.
@article{1529f34bbc834e7bbfd404201698c00f,
title = "Personality-obesity associations are driven by narrow traits: A meta-analysis",
abstract = "Obesity has inconsistent associations with broad personality domains, possibly because the links pertain to only some facets of these domains. Collating published and unpublished studies (N = 14 848), we meta-analysed the associations between body mass index (BMI) and Five-Factor Model personality domains as well as 30 Five-Factor Model personality facets. At the domain level, BMI had a positive association with Neuroticism and a negative association with Conscientiousness domains. At the facet level, we found associations between BMI and 15 facets from all five personality domains, with only some Neuroticism and Conscientiousness facets among them. Certain personality-BMI associations were moderated by sample properties, such as proportions of women or participants with obesity; these moderation effects were replicated in the individual-level analysis. Finally, facet-based personality “risk” scores accounted for 2.3{\%} of variance in BMI in a separate sample of individuals (N = 3569), 409{\%} more than domain-based scores. Taken together, personality-BMI associations are facet specific, and delineating them may help to explain obesity-related behaviours and inform intervention designs. Preprint and data are available at https://psyarxiv.com/z35vn/.",
keywords = "body mass index, personality, prediction, risk score",
author = "Uku Vainik and Alain Dagher and Anu Realo and Luc{\'i}a Colodro-Conde and Mortensen, {Erik Lykke} and Kerry Jang and Jyukou Andou and Christian Kandler and S{\o}rensen, {Thorkild I.A.} and Ren{\'e} M{\~o}ttus",
year = "2019",
month = "8",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/obr.12856",
language = "English",
volume = "20",
pages = "1121--1131",
journal = "Obesity Reviews",
issn = "1467-7881",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "8",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Personality-obesity associations are driven by narrow traits

T2 - A meta-analysis

AU - Vainik, Uku

AU - Dagher, Alain

AU - Realo, Anu

AU - Colodro-Conde, Lucía

AU - Mortensen, Erik Lykke

AU - Jang, Kerry

AU - Andou, Jyukou

AU - Kandler, Christian

AU - Sørensen, Thorkild I.A.

AU - Mõttus, René

PY - 2019/8/1

Y1 - 2019/8/1

N2 - Obesity has inconsistent associations with broad personality domains, possibly because the links pertain to only some facets of these domains. Collating published and unpublished studies (N = 14 848), we meta-analysed the associations between body mass index (BMI) and Five-Factor Model personality domains as well as 30 Five-Factor Model personality facets. At the domain level, BMI had a positive association with Neuroticism and a negative association with Conscientiousness domains. At the facet level, we found associations between BMI and 15 facets from all five personality domains, with only some Neuroticism and Conscientiousness facets among them. Certain personality-BMI associations were moderated by sample properties, such as proportions of women or participants with obesity; these moderation effects were replicated in the individual-level analysis. Finally, facet-based personality “risk” scores accounted for 2.3% of variance in BMI in a separate sample of individuals (N = 3569), 409% more than domain-based scores. Taken together, personality-BMI associations are facet specific, and delineating them may help to explain obesity-related behaviours and inform intervention designs. Preprint and data are available at https://psyarxiv.com/z35vn/.

AB - Obesity has inconsistent associations with broad personality domains, possibly because the links pertain to only some facets of these domains. Collating published and unpublished studies (N = 14 848), we meta-analysed the associations between body mass index (BMI) and Five-Factor Model personality domains as well as 30 Five-Factor Model personality facets. At the domain level, BMI had a positive association with Neuroticism and a negative association with Conscientiousness domains. At the facet level, we found associations between BMI and 15 facets from all five personality domains, with only some Neuroticism and Conscientiousness facets among them. Certain personality-BMI associations were moderated by sample properties, such as proportions of women or participants with obesity; these moderation effects were replicated in the individual-level analysis. Finally, facet-based personality “risk” scores accounted for 2.3% of variance in BMI in a separate sample of individuals (N = 3569), 409% more than domain-based scores. Taken together, personality-BMI associations are facet specific, and delineating them may help to explain obesity-related behaviours and inform intervention designs. Preprint and data are available at https://psyarxiv.com/z35vn/.

KW - body mass index

KW - personality

KW - prediction

KW - risk score

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85064534100&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85064534100&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/obr.12856

DO - 10.1111/obr.12856

M3 - Review article

C2 - 30985072

AN - SCOPUS:85064534100

VL - 20

SP - 1121

EP - 1131

JO - Obesity Reviews

JF - Obesity Reviews

SN - 1467-7881

IS - 8

ER -