Objective: Recent reports have shown an increase in serum phenytoin levels resulting in phenytoin toxicity after initiation of fluoropyrimidine chemotherapy. To prevent phenytoin intoxication, phenytoin dosage must be adjusted. We sought to develop a pharmacokinetic model of the interaction between phenytoin and capecitabine. Methods: We developed the phenytoin-capecitabine interaction model on the assumption that fluorouracil (5-FU) inhibits cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C9 synthesis in a concentration-dependent manner. The plasma 5-FU concentration after oral administration of capecitabine was estimated using a conventional compartment model. Nonlinear pharmacokinetics of phenytoin was modeled by incorporating the Michaelis-Menten equation to represent the saturation of phenytoin metabolism. The resulting model was fitted to data from our previously-reported cases. Results: The developed phenytoincapecitabine interaction model successfully described the profiles of serum phenytoin concentration in patients who received phenytoin and capecitabine concomitantly. The 50% inhibitory 5-FU concentration for CYP2C9 synthesis and the degradation rate constant of CYP2C9 were estimated to be 0.00310 ng/mL and 0.0768 day-1, respectively. This model and these parameters allow us to predict the appropriate phenytoin dosage schedule when capecitabine is administered concomitantly. Conclusions: This newly-developed model accurately describes changes in phenytoin concentration during concomitant capecitabine chemotherapy, and it may be clinically useful for predicting appropriate phenytoin dosage adjustments for maintaining serum phenytoin levels within the therapeutic range.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||International journal of clinical pharmacology and therapeutics|
|Publication status||Published - 2016 Sep|
- Drug interactions
- Pharmacokinetic model analysis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)