Pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic analysis of tacrolimus-induced QT prolongation in guinea pigs

Tsuyoshi Minematsu, Hisakazu Ohtani, Hitoshi Sato, Tatsuji Iga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recently, several reports of clinical cases of QT prolongation and torsades de pointes, associated with the use of tacrolimus (FK506), have come to light. We have previously demonstrated FK506-induced QT prolongation in guinea pigs [Minematsu T., et al., Life Sci., 65, PL197-PL202 (1999)]. We now examined the relationship between QTc prolongation and the pharmacokinetics of FK506 in guinea pigs, in order to evaluate the arrhythmogenicity of FK506 when compared with that of quinidine sulfate (QND). Thus, dose-response relationships for FK506 (0.01 or 0.1 mg/h/kg) or QND (30 mg/h/kg) were investigated during and after intravenous infusion and also following intravenous bolus administration of FK506 (0.2 mg/kg). The dose-response relationship between plasma drug concentration and QTc prolongation for FK506 and QND were subsequently analyzed using an effect compartment model. The pharmacodynamic parameters thus obtained were as follows: k(E0) 2.72 X 10-4 (min-1), E(max) 27.1 (ms), EC50 0.376 (ng/ml) for FK506; and k(E0) 0.148 (min-1), K 8.41 (ms · ml/μg) for QND. The anti-clockwise hysteresis observed for FK506-induced QT prolongation was successfully analyzed by the present pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic model, which may provide a rational basis for developing a clinical dosing regimen to avoid possible QT prolongation induced by FK506.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1341-1346
Number of pages6
JournalBiological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Volume22
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Dec
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Arrhythmia
  • Electrocardiogram
  • Pharmacodynamic
  • QT prolongation
  • Quinidine
  • Tacrolimus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science

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