This paper reports the thermophysical properties of hydrates in the (krypton + 1-methylpiperidine, 2,2-dimethylbutane or methylcyclohexane + water) system. Phase equilibrium conditions were measured in the temperature ranges from 274.6. K to 297.3. K at the corresponding equilibrium pressures between 0.532. MPa and 6.246. MPa in the (krypton + 1-methylpiperidine + water) system. In the temperature ranges from 291.2. K to 297.0. K and 290.6. K to 296.8. K, the equilibrium pressure was between 4.035. MPa to 8.936. MPa and 3.993. MPa to 9.128. MPa, in the (krypton + 2,2-dimethylbutane + water) system and (krypton + methylcyclohexane + water) system, respectively. These results indicate that hydrates can be formed under the condition of lower temperature and pressure in the (krypton + 1-methylpiperidine + water) system than in the other two systems. The crystallographic structure of (krypton + 1-methylpiperidine) hydrate was thereby identified to be structure H at 183. K based on the Powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) measurements. Dissociation heat of (krypton + 1-methylpiperidine) hydrate was estimated to be 73.5. kJ/mol, that is smaller than that of structure II hydrates containing krypton. These results support the potential for (krypton + 1-methylpiperidine) structure H hydrate to be utilized in hydrate-based technologies.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Materials Science(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry