Phase equilibrium condition measurements in carbon dioxide hydrate forming system coexisting with sodium chloride aqueous solutions

Rihito Nakane, Eito Gima, Ryo Ohmura, Izuru Senaha, Keita Yasuda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Three phase equilibrium conditions of (sodium chloride aqueous solution + carbon dioxide hydrate + vapour carbon dioxide) were measured to establish seawater desalination technology using clathrate hydrates. The three phase equilibrium condition measurements were performed at temperatures between 271.85 K and 279.05 K, and at pressures between 1.283 MPa and 3.617 MPa. The concentrations of sodium chloride aqueous solution were 0.0350, 0.0700, 0.1000, and 0.1050 in mass fraction. It was found that the equilibrium temperature difference between pure water system and each sodium chloride concentration system at the same pressure was hardly influenced by the pressure level. In addition, it was found that the equilibrium temperature depression of carbon dioxide hydrate by the addition of sodium chloride is smaller than that of ice and cyclopentane hydrate especially at the high concentration of sodium chloride.

LanguageEnglish
Pages192-197
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Chemical Thermodynamics
Volume130
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

Fingerprint

sodium chlorides
Sodium chloride
Hydrates
Carbon Dioxide
Sodium Chloride
Phase equilibria
hydrates
carbon dioxide
Carbon dioxide
aqueous solutions
Cyclopentanes
clathrates
Ice
Desalination
Seawater
Temperature
temperature gradients
ice
Vapors
vapors

Keywords

  • Carbon dioxide
  • Clathrate hydrate
  • Desalination
  • Freezing point depression
  • Phase equilibrium
  • Sodium chloride

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Phase equilibrium condition measurements in carbon dioxide hydrate forming system coexisting with sodium chloride aqueous solutions. / Nakane, Rihito; Gima, Eito; Ohmura, Ryo; Senaha, Izuru; Yasuda, Keita.

In: Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, Vol. 130, 01.01.2019, p. 192-197.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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