Phase I/II study of induction chemotherapy using carboplatin plus irinotecan and sequential thoracic radiotherapy (TRT) for elderly patients with limited-disease smallcell lung cancer (LD-SCLC): TORG 0604

Yuki Misumi, Hiroaki Okamoto, Jiichiro Sasaki, Noriyuki Masuda, Mari Ishii, Tsuneo Shimokawa, Yukio Hosomi, Yusuke Okuma, Makoto Nagamata, Takashi Ogura, Terufumi Kato, Masafumi Sata, Sakiko Otani, Akira Takakura, Koichi Minato, Yosuke Miura, Takuma Yokoyama, Saori Takata, Katsuhiko Naoki, Koshiro Watanabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The role of irinotecan for elderly patients with LD-SCLC has been unclear, and the timing of TRT combined with chemotherapy has not been fully evaluated. Methods: Patients aged > 70 years with untreated, measurable, LD-SCLC, performance status (PS) 0-2, and adequate organ function were eligible. Treatment consisted of induction with carboplatin on day 1 and irinotecan on days 1 and 8, every 21 days for 4 cycles, and sequential TRT (54Gy in 27 fractions). Carboplatin doses were based on AUC of 4 and 5 (levels 1 and 2, respectively), with a fixed irinotecan dose (50 mg/m2). Primary objective of the phase II study was overall responce rate. Results: Forty-three patients were enrolled and forty-one were finally analyzed (median age: 75 years [range 70-86 years); males 31; PS 0/1/2, n = 22/18/1]. Two patients were excluded because of protocol violation (ascertained to be extensive disease). Twelve patients were accrued at phase I and the number of patients with carboplatin dose-limiting toxicities at levels-1 (n = 6) and -2 (n = 6) were 1(grade 3 hypertension) and 2 (grade 4 thrombocytopenia), respectively. The phase II trial was expanded to 29 additional patients receiving the level 1 carboplatin dose, total of 35 patients. The median number of chemotherapy cycles was 4 (range 1-4), and the median radiation dose was 54Gy (range 36-60). Toxicities were generally mild. There were 4 complete and 27 partial responses (response rate 88.6%). With a median follow-up of 52 months, the median progression-free and overall survival times of phase II were 11.2 and 27.1 months, respectively. Conclusions: Induction chemotherapy of carboplatin plus irinotecan and sequential TRT was well tolerated and effective for elderly patients with LD-SCLC. Additional confirmatory studies are warranted. Trial registration: Trial registration number: UMIN000007352. Name of registry: UMIN. Date of registration: 1/Dec/2006. Date of enrolment of the first participant to the trial: 6/Feb/2007. Clinical trial registration date: 1/Feb/2006 (prospective).

Original languageEnglish
Article number377
JournalBMC cancer
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Carboplatin
  • Elderly
  • Irinotecan
  • LD-SCLC
  • Phase I
  • Phase II
  • Sequential radiotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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