Phase quenching in finite-density QCD: Models, holography, and lattice

Masanori Hanada, Yoshinori Matsuo, Naoki Yamamoto

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Abstract

Finite-density QCD is difficult to study numerically because of the sign problem. We prove that, in a certain region of the phase diagram, the phase quenched approximation is exact to O(Nf =Nc). It is true for any physical observables. We also consider the implications for the lattice simulations and find a quantitative evidence for the validity of the phase quenching from existing lattice QCD results at Nc = 3. Our results show that the phase-quench approximation is rather good already at Nc = 3, and the 1=Nc correction can be incorporated by the phase reweighting method without suffering from the overlap problem. We also show the same equivalence in effective models and holographic models.

Original languageEnglish
Article number064
JournalProceedings of Science
VolumePart F130497
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes

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