Phase separation of composite materials through simultaneous polymerization and crystallization

Kosuke Sato, Yuya Oaki, Hiroaki Imai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Composite materials have attracted much interest because of the emergent properties originating from the components. A variety of methods have been studied to control the morphology of composites based on noncrystalline polymers and crystalline materials. However, it is not easy to control complex morphologies, such as segregated sea-island structures, on the submicrometer scale. Polymerization induces crystallization, because supersaturation, which is required for crystallization, is achieved by the consumption of the monomer. Here we report a phase-separation approach based on simultaneous polymerization and crystallization as a new method for the morphological control of composite materials. Segregated polymer and organic crystal domains are obtained by polymerization of an organic monomer solution accompanied by simultaneous crystallization. The phase separation induced the generation of composite materials consisting of a redox-active quinone crystal and conductive polymer with a segregated structure on the submicrometer scale. The segregated composite of 2,3-dichloro-1,4- naphthoquinone and polypyrrole showed enhanced charge-storage properties based on the smooth redox reaction. The present phase-separation approach can be applied to a variety of functional segregated composite materials consisting of crystalline and polymer materials.

Original languageEnglish
Article number201753
JournalNPG Asia Materials
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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