Phase structure of neutron 5/-2 superfluids in strong magnetic fields in neutron stars

Shigehiro Yasui, Chandrasekhar Chatterjee, Muneto Nitta

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We discuss the effect of a strong magnetic field on neutron 3 Po superfluidity. Based on the attraction in the 3 Po pair of two neutrons, we derive the Ginzburg-Landau equation in the path-integral formalism by adopting the bosonization technique and leave the next-to-leading order in the expansion of the magnetic field D. We determine the (T, D) phase diagram with temperature T, comprising three phases: The uniaxial nematic (UK) phase for D = 0, D2-biaxial nematic (BN) and D4-BN phases in finite D and strong D such as magnetars, respectively, where Do and D4 are dihedral groups. We find that, compared with the leading order in the magnetic field known before, the region of the D2-BN phase in the (T, D) plane is extended by the effect of the next-to-leading-order terms of the magnetic field. We also present, the thermodynamic properties, such as heat capacities and spin susceptibility, and find that the spin susceptibility exhibits anisotropics in the UN, D2-BN. and D4-BN phases. This information will be useful to understand the internal structures of magnetars.

Original languageEnglish
JournalUnknown Journal
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Oct 11

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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