GABA is a major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mature mammalian brain. In the early stages of brain development, it has been reported that GABA A receptor stimulation and the associated increase in Cl- conductance lead to membrane depolarization. In this study, we tested the effects of picrotoxin, a GABAA receptor Cl- channel blocker, on spontaneously released acetylcholine (ACh) from cultured rat embryonic septal cells. Picrotoxin increased spontaneously released ACh. These results indicate that blockade of GABA-activated Cl- channel increases neuronal excitability even in an early stage of the development.
- Glutamic acid decarboxylase
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