Pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) is a natural extracellular component of the retina with neuronal differentiating activity. Decreased levels of PEDF in the mammalian eye have been shown to participate in proliferative diabetic retinopathy. In addition, we have recently found in in vitro experiments that PEDF protected against pericyte apoptosis, the earliest histopathological hallmark of diabetic retinopathy. These observations suggest that the loss of PEDF in the mammalian eye plays an important role in the development and progression of diabetic retinopathy. However, the functional role of endothelial cell (EC)-derived PEDF in pericyte survival and the regulation of PEDF gene expression remain to be elucidated. In this study, we examined the effects of anti-PEDF antibody (Ab) on the viable cell number of cocultured pericytes with microvascular ECs. We further studied the effects of angiotensin II (Ang II) on PEDF gene expression in ECs. Anti-PEDF Ab significantly inhibited the growth-stimulating effects of cocultured ECs on pericytes. Furthermore, Ang II significantly decreased PEDF mRNA levels in ECs, which was completely reversed by an Ang II type 1 receptor blocker, telmisartan. Our present results suggest that PEDF is an EC-derived mitogen or survival factor for retinal pericytes. Suppression by Ang II of the EC-derived PEDF may be involved in exacerbation of diabetic retinopathy in patients with hypertension.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||International Journal of Tissue Reactions|
|Publication status||Published - 2005 Dec 1|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy
- Cell Biology