Plant extracts induce chromosome aberrations and sister-chromatid exchanges in Chinese hamster ovary cells and human lymphocytes

Nobuhiro Kanaya, Shin Takehisa, Hristo Nicoloff, Teodora Nikolova, Vihra Damianova

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Effects of extracts from Vicia faba were compared with those of Zea mays for the induction of sister-chromatid exchanges (SCEs) and of chromosome aberrations (CAs) in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. CA induction by the maize extract was also tested in human lymphocytes. The extracts from roots and leaves of Vicia faba induced CAs and SCEs in CHO cells. The extracts from maize leaves also induced SCEs and CAs in CHO cells, and CAs in human lymphocytes. Maize extracts were more potent in inducing SCEs than Vicia extracts and the SCE- and CA-inducing capacity of maize extracts decreased during preincubation before addition to cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-54
Number of pages8
JournalMutation Research Letters
Volume281
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1992 Jan

Keywords

  • CHO cells
  • Chromosome aberrations
  • Human lymphocytes
  • Plant extracts
  • Sister-chromatid exchanges

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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