Platelet-activating factor (PAF), a phospholipid with a wide range of proinflammatory actions, is immediately degraded and inactivated in vivo by PAF acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH). Surprisingly, 4% of the Japanese population lacks the extracellular isoform of this enzyme, plasma PAF-AH, due to a genetic missense (V279F) mutation. We studied the association of this mutation with asthma prevalence and phenotypes in the Japanese adult population. The allele frequency of V279F mutation was 18.6% in 279 patients with asthma (28.7% heterozygotes and 4.3 homozygotes) and 21.7% in 217 healthy subjects (32.3% heterozygotes and 5.5% homozygotes). V279F mutant allele prevalence was consistent regardless of asthma type (16.3% in atopic [n = 156] and 21.6% in nonatopic [n = 123]), or the severity of disease (21.7% in patients with mild [n = 97], 17.5% in those with moderate [n = 131], and 15.8% in those with severe [n = 51] asthma). Plasma PAF-AH activity was inversely proportional to the number of mutant alleles, and did not correlate with asthma prevalence, type, or severity. We concluded that plasma PAF-AH deficiency due to V279F mutation is not essential to the pathophysiology of asthma in the Japanese adult population.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine|
|Publication status||Published - 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine