Background: We previously demonstrated that Helicobacter pylori colonization evokes gastric mucosal inflammation and an extensive increase in lipid peroxides and glutathione in Mongolian gerbils. Zinc and its derivative, polaprezinc, have been reported to be potent antioxidants in gastric mucosa. Aim: To examine the effect of polaprezinc on gastric mucosal oxidative inflammation in H. pylori-colonized Mongolian gerbils. Methods: Sixty-eight male Mongolian gerbils were orally inoculated with H. pylori (ATCC43504, 5 × 108 CFUs/gerbil: H. pylori group) and 35 gerbils were inoculated with the culture media (control group). Twenty-two gerbils in the H. pylori and 13 gerbils in the control group were fed with diets containing polaprezinc (0.06%, 100 mg/kg, 10 times the usual clinical dose) (H. pylori + polaprezinc group, polaprezinc group). The remaining gerbils were fed a standard laboratory chow diet. Neutrophil infiltration, assessed histologically and by the activity of myeloperoxidase, the contents of CXC-chemokine (GRO/CINC-1-like protein) and the contents of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances, was evaluated in each group 12 weeks after the inoculation. Separately, gastric mucosal leucocyte activation and capillary perfusion were also assessed using intravital microscopy 2, 4, 8 and 12 weeks after the inoculation. Results: In all H. pylori-inoculated animals, the bacterial infection persisted throughout the experimental period. Gastric mucosal lesion formation in the H. pylori group was significantly inhibited in the H. pylori + polaprezinc group. Elevated levels of myeloperoxidase activity, GRO/ CINC-1 and thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances in the H. pylori group at 12 weeks were attenuated significantly by polaprezinc treatment. Enhanced levels of venular leucocyte activation observed in the H. pylori group were attenuated significantly in the H. pylori + polaprezinc group during both the early phase (2 weeks) and late phase (12 weeks). Conclusion: Polaprezinc inhibited H. pylori-associated gastric mucosal oxidative inflammation, including initial micro-vascular leucocyte activation, in Mongolian gerbils.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)