Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the aerosol in Beijing, China, measured by aminopropylsilane chemically-bonded stationary-phase column chromatography and HPLC/fluorescence detection

Tomoaki Okuda, Daisuke Naoi, Masaki Tenmoku, Shigeru Tanaka, Kebin He, Yongliang Ma, Fumo Yang, Yu Lei, Yingtao Jia, Dihan Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

81 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We developed a useful analytical method for the determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) concentrations in the aerosol of China. We used an accelerated solvent extraction (ASE) method for the extraction of PAHs from the aerosol samples, in order to reduce the extraction time and the solvent volume used. The optimum purification method was developed, with aminopropylsilane chemically-bonded stationary-phase column chromatography, in order to remove many co-extractives which cannot be removed by conventional purification methods using silica-gel column chromatography. HPLC/fluorescence detection (FLD) was adopted as the analytical method, because it has very high sensitivity to PAH and it is easy to install, operate, and maintain as compared with GC/MS. With the analytical method developed in this study, the recovery and precision (RSD) for most of the PAHs ranged from 75% to 129% and from 2.8% to 22.7%, respectively. The concentrations of PAHs in the aerosol samples collected from October 2003 to April 2005 in Beijing, China were determined using the newly developed method. ∑PAHs, which is the sum of the concentrations of all detected PAHs, was 177.8 ± 239.9 ng m-3 (n = 64). The ∑PAHs concentration in the heating season (305.1 ± 279.0 ng m-3, n = 33) was 7.2 times higher than that in the non-heating season (42.3 ± 32.0 ng m-3, n = 31). These strong seasonal variations in atmospheric PAH concentration are possibly due to coal combustion for residential heating in winter.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)427-435
Number of pages9
JournalChemosphere
Volume65
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Oct

Fingerprint

Column chromatography
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
Aerosols
chromatography
Chromatography
China
PAH
fluorescence
Fluorescence
High Pressure Liquid Chromatography
aerosol
analytical method
Heating
Purification
purification
heating
Beijing
aminopropylsilane
detection

Keywords

  • Accelerated solvent extraction (ASE)
  • Coal combustion
  • Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs)
  • Residential heating
  • Seasonal variation
  • Total suspended particles (TSP)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the aerosol in Beijing, China, measured by aminopropylsilane chemically-bonded stationary-phase column chromatography and HPLC/fluorescence detection. / Okuda, Tomoaki; Naoi, Daisuke; Tenmoku, Masaki; Tanaka, Shigeru; He, Kebin; Ma, Yongliang; Yang, Fumo; Lei, Yu; Jia, Yingtao; Zhang, Dihan.

In: Chemosphere, Vol. 65, No. 3, 10.2006, p. 427-435.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Okuda, Tomoaki ; Naoi, Daisuke ; Tenmoku, Masaki ; Tanaka, Shigeru ; He, Kebin ; Ma, Yongliang ; Yang, Fumo ; Lei, Yu ; Jia, Yingtao ; Zhang, Dihan. / Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the aerosol in Beijing, China, measured by aminopropylsilane chemically-bonded stationary-phase column chromatography and HPLC/fluorescence detection. In: Chemosphere. 2006 ; Vol. 65, No. 3. pp. 427-435.
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abstract = "We developed a useful analytical method for the determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) concentrations in the aerosol of China. We used an accelerated solvent extraction (ASE) method for the extraction of PAHs from the aerosol samples, in order to reduce the extraction time and the solvent volume used. The optimum purification method was developed, with aminopropylsilane chemically-bonded stationary-phase column chromatography, in order to remove many co-extractives which cannot be removed by conventional purification methods using silica-gel column chromatography. HPLC/fluorescence detection (FLD) was adopted as the analytical method, because it has very high sensitivity to PAH and it is easy to install, operate, and maintain as compared with GC/MS. With the analytical method developed in this study, the recovery and precision (RSD) for most of the PAHs ranged from 75{\%} to 129{\%} and from 2.8{\%} to 22.7{\%}, respectively. The concentrations of PAHs in the aerosol samples collected from October 2003 to April 2005 in Beijing, China were determined using the newly developed method. ∑PAHs, which is the sum of the concentrations of all detected PAHs, was 177.8 ± 239.9 ng m-3 (n = 64). The ∑PAHs concentration in the heating season (305.1 ± 279.0 ng m-3, n = 33) was 7.2 times higher than that in the non-heating season (42.3 ± 32.0 ng m-3, n = 31). These strong seasonal variations in atmospheric PAH concentration are possibly due to coal combustion for residential heating in winter.",
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T1 - Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the aerosol in Beijing, China, measured by aminopropylsilane chemically-bonded stationary-phase column chromatography and HPLC/fluorescence detection

AU - Okuda, Tomoaki

AU - Naoi, Daisuke

AU - Tenmoku, Masaki

AU - Tanaka, Shigeru

AU - He, Kebin

AU - Ma, Yongliang

AU - Yang, Fumo

AU - Lei, Yu

AU - Jia, Yingtao

AU - Zhang, Dihan

PY - 2006/10

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N2 - We developed a useful analytical method for the determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) concentrations in the aerosol of China. We used an accelerated solvent extraction (ASE) method for the extraction of PAHs from the aerosol samples, in order to reduce the extraction time and the solvent volume used. The optimum purification method was developed, with aminopropylsilane chemically-bonded stationary-phase column chromatography, in order to remove many co-extractives which cannot be removed by conventional purification methods using silica-gel column chromatography. HPLC/fluorescence detection (FLD) was adopted as the analytical method, because it has very high sensitivity to PAH and it is easy to install, operate, and maintain as compared with GC/MS. With the analytical method developed in this study, the recovery and precision (RSD) for most of the PAHs ranged from 75% to 129% and from 2.8% to 22.7%, respectively. The concentrations of PAHs in the aerosol samples collected from October 2003 to April 2005 in Beijing, China were determined using the newly developed method. ∑PAHs, which is the sum of the concentrations of all detected PAHs, was 177.8 ± 239.9 ng m-3 (n = 64). The ∑PAHs concentration in the heating season (305.1 ± 279.0 ng m-3, n = 33) was 7.2 times higher than that in the non-heating season (42.3 ± 32.0 ng m-3, n = 31). These strong seasonal variations in atmospheric PAH concentration are possibly due to coal combustion for residential heating in winter.

AB - We developed a useful analytical method for the determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) concentrations in the aerosol of China. We used an accelerated solvent extraction (ASE) method for the extraction of PAHs from the aerosol samples, in order to reduce the extraction time and the solvent volume used. The optimum purification method was developed, with aminopropylsilane chemically-bonded stationary-phase column chromatography, in order to remove many co-extractives which cannot be removed by conventional purification methods using silica-gel column chromatography. HPLC/fluorescence detection (FLD) was adopted as the analytical method, because it has very high sensitivity to PAH and it is easy to install, operate, and maintain as compared with GC/MS. With the analytical method developed in this study, the recovery and precision (RSD) for most of the PAHs ranged from 75% to 129% and from 2.8% to 22.7%, respectively. The concentrations of PAHs in the aerosol samples collected from October 2003 to April 2005 in Beijing, China were determined using the newly developed method. ∑PAHs, which is the sum of the concentrations of all detected PAHs, was 177.8 ± 239.9 ng m-3 (n = 64). The ∑PAHs concentration in the heating season (305.1 ± 279.0 ng m-3, n = 33) was 7.2 times higher than that in the non-heating season (42.3 ± 32.0 ng m-3, n = 31). These strong seasonal variations in atmospheric PAH concentration are possibly due to coal combustion for residential heating in winter.

KW - Accelerated solvent extraction (ASE)

KW - Coal combustion

KW - Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs)

KW - Residential heating

KW - Seasonal variation

KW - Total suspended particles (TSP)

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