The feasibility and safety of brain-computer interface (BCI) systems for patients with acute/subacute stroke have not been established. The aim of this study was to firstly demonstrate the feasibility and safety of a bedside BCI system for inpatients with acute/subacute stroke in a small cohort of inpatients. Four inpatients with early-phase hemiplegic stroke (7–24 days from stroke onset) participated in this study. The portable BCI system showed real-time feedback of sensorimotor rhythms extracted from scalp electroencephalograms (EEGs). Patients attempted to extend the wrist on their affected side, and neuromuscular electrical stimulation was applied only when the system detected significant movement intention-related changes in EEG. Between 120 and 200 training trials per patient were successfully and safely conducted at the bedside over 2–4 days. Our results clearly indicate that the proposed bedside BCI system is feasible and safe. Larger clinical studies are needed to determine the clinical efficacy of the system and its effect size in the population of patients with acute/subacute post-stroke hemiplegia.
- brain-computer interface
- neuromuscular electrical stimulation
- sensorimotor rhythms
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation