Position-specific expression of Hox genes along the gastrointestinal tract.

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Abstract

Hox genes play a critical role in morphogenesis of the early embryo along the anteroposterior axis. In mammals, 39 Hox genes with extensive homology are organized into 13 paralogous groups, forming four clusters on four separate chromosomes. The genes within each cluster are arranged in a 3' to 5' direction and expressed in a temporally and spatially coordinated manner along the anteroposterior axis in the vertebrae, limbs and viscera, including the gastrointestinal tract, but little is known about their spatial expression in the adult gastrointestinal tract. We used the quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) intercalater method with SYBR Green to quantify human Hox gene expression in the adult gastrointestinal tract tissue: esophagus, stomach, duodenum, jejunum, ileum, ileocecum, cecum, ascending colon, transverse colon, descending colon and rectum. Hox gene expression was normalized to glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate-dehydrogenase (GAPDH) gene expression. The spatial expression pattern was analyzed by the multivariate method. The expression level of all 39 Hox genes could be measured in a reproducible manner. Genes with higher expression in the foregut-derived segments tended to have lower expression in hindgut-derived segments, whereas those with low expression in the former tended to have higher in the latter. Principal components analysis and permax analysis revealed a position-specific expression pattern of Hox genes along the anteroposterior axis of the adult gastrointestinal tract. The pattern recapitulates the expression pattern in the embryonic gastrointestinal tract. We suggest that Hox genes may play a pivotal role in the position-specific regenerative process of intestinal epithelial cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18-26
Number of pages9
JournalCongenital Anomalies
Volume44
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Mar

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Homeobox Genes
Gastrointestinal Tract
Gene Expression
Pergolide
Descending Colon
Ascending Colon
Transverse Colon
Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenases
Viscera
Cecum
Jejunum
Principal Component Analysis
Morphogenesis
Ileum
Duodenum
Rectum
Esophagus
Genes
Mammals
Stomach

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology

Cite this

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title = "Position-specific expression of Hox genes along the gastrointestinal tract.",
abstract = "Hox genes play a critical role in morphogenesis of the early embryo along the anteroposterior axis. In mammals, 39 Hox genes with extensive homology are organized into 13 paralogous groups, forming four clusters on four separate chromosomes. The genes within each cluster are arranged in a 3' to 5' direction and expressed in a temporally and spatially coordinated manner along the anteroposterior axis in the vertebrae, limbs and viscera, including the gastrointestinal tract, but little is known about their spatial expression in the adult gastrointestinal tract. We used the quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) intercalater method with SYBR Green to quantify human Hox gene expression in the adult gastrointestinal tract tissue: esophagus, stomach, duodenum, jejunum, ileum, ileocecum, cecum, ascending colon, transverse colon, descending colon and rectum. Hox gene expression was normalized to glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate-dehydrogenase (GAPDH) gene expression. The spatial expression pattern was analyzed by the multivariate method. The expression level of all 39 Hox genes could be measured in a reproducible manner. Genes with higher expression in the foregut-derived segments tended to have lower expression in hindgut-derived segments, whereas those with low expression in the former tended to have higher in the latter. Principal components analysis and permax analysis revealed a position-specific expression pattern of Hox genes along the anteroposterior axis of the adult gastrointestinal tract. The pattern recapitulates the expression pattern in the embryonic gastrointestinal tract. We suggest that Hox genes may play a pivotal role in the position-specific regenerative process of intestinal epithelial cells.",
author = "Naohisa Yahagi and Rika Kosaki and Taichi Ito and Takayuki Mitsuhashi and Hiroyuki Shimada and Masaru Tomita and Takao Takahashi and Kenjiro Kosaki",
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T1 - Position-specific expression of Hox genes along the gastrointestinal tract.

AU - Yahagi, Naohisa

AU - Kosaki, Rika

AU - Ito, Taichi

AU - Mitsuhashi, Takayuki

AU - Shimada, Hiroyuki

AU - Tomita, Masaru

AU - Takahashi, Takao

AU - Kosaki, Kenjiro

PY - 2004/3

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N2 - Hox genes play a critical role in morphogenesis of the early embryo along the anteroposterior axis. In mammals, 39 Hox genes with extensive homology are organized into 13 paralogous groups, forming four clusters on four separate chromosomes. The genes within each cluster are arranged in a 3' to 5' direction and expressed in a temporally and spatially coordinated manner along the anteroposterior axis in the vertebrae, limbs and viscera, including the gastrointestinal tract, but little is known about their spatial expression in the adult gastrointestinal tract. We used the quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) intercalater method with SYBR Green to quantify human Hox gene expression in the adult gastrointestinal tract tissue: esophagus, stomach, duodenum, jejunum, ileum, ileocecum, cecum, ascending colon, transverse colon, descending colon and rectum. Hox gene expression was normalized to glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate-dehydrogenase (GAPDH) gene expression. The spatial expression pattern was analyzed by the multivariate method. The expression level of all 39 Hox genes could be measured in a reproducible manner. Genes with higher expression in the foregut-derived segments tended to have lower expression in hindgut-derived segments, whereas those with low expression in the former tended to have higher in the latter. Principal components analysis and permax analysis revealed a position-specific expression pattern of Hox genes along the anteroposterior axis of the adult gastrointestinal tract. The pattern recapitulates the expression pattern in the embryonic gastrointestinal tract. We suggest that Hox genes may play a pivotal role in the position-specific regenerative process of intestinal epithelial cells.

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