Possible atavisms of genitalia in two species of earwig (Dermaptera), Proreus simulans (Chelisochidae) and Euborellia plebeja (Anisolabididae)

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8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Male and female genitalia generally show a rapid evolutionary rate, which raises the problems related to homologization and the determination of the polarities of evolutionary changes. In earwigs (Dermaptera), multiple or branched female sperm-storage organs (spermathecae) have been reported for members of the Karschiellidae, Pygidicranidae, and Diplatyidae, collectively termed the "basal" Dermaptera. Whether the complicated spermathecae represent a plesiomorphy or an apomorphy has not been resolved. Here I report the occurrence of multiple or branched spermathecae in gamma-irradiated samples of two earwig species, Euborellia plebeja (Dohrn, 1863) (Anisolabididae) and Proreus simulans (Stål, 1860) (Chelisochidae), which belong to the "higher" Dermaptera (Apachyidae, Labiduridae, Anisolabididae, Spongiphoridae, Chelisochidae, and Forficulidae). Females belonging to the higher Dermaptera normally have a single-unbranched spermatheca. I discuss examples of possible atavisms in relation to the evolutionary pathways of spermathecal morphology. Possible atavisms in the number of male organs for sperm transfer (virgae) are also reported.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)361-368
Number of pages8
JournalArthropod Structure and Development
Volume36
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Sep
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Chelisochidae
Euborellia
Dermaptera
Genitalia
genitalia
Spermatozoa
Male Genitalia
Female Genitalia
sperm
Labiduridae
Forficulidae
spermatozoa
storage organs
spermatheca
female genitalia
male genitalia
earwig
organ

Keywords

  • Branching morphogenesis
  • Character reversion
  • Dermaptera
  • Gamma-ray irradiation
  • Genital morphology
  • Organ-number evolution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Insect Science
  • Developmental Biology

Cite this

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title = "Possible atavisms of genitalia in two species of earwig (Dermaptera), Proreus simulans (Chelisochidae) and Euborellia plebeja (Anisolabididae)",
abstract = "Male and female genitalia generally show a rapid evolutionary rate, which raises the problems related to homologization and the determination of the polarities of evolutionary changes. In earwigs (Dermaptera), multiple or branched female sperm-storage organs (spermathecae) have been reported for members of the Karschiellidae, Pygidicranidae, and Diplatyidae, collectively termed the {"}basal{"} Dermaptera. Whether the complicated spermathecae represent a plesiomorphy or an apomorphy has not been resolved. Here I report the occurrence of multiple or branched spermathecae in gamma-irradiated samples of two earwig species, Euborellia plebeja (Dohrn, 1863) (Anisolabididae) and Proreus simulans (St{\aa}l, 1860) (Chelisochidae), which belong to the {"}higher{"} Dermaptera (Apachyidae, Labiduridae, Anisolabididae, Spongiphoridae, Chelisochidae, and Forficulidae). Females belonging to the higher Dermaptera normally have a single-unbranched spermatheca. I discuss examples of possible atavisms in relation to the evolutionary pathways of spermathecal morphology. Possible atavisms in the number of male organs for sperm transfer (virgae) are also reported.",
keywords = "Branching morphogenesis, Character reversion, Dermaptera, Gamma-ray irradiation, Genital morphology, Organ-number evolution",
author = "Yoshitaka Kamimura",
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AB - Male and female genitalia generally show a rapid evolutionary rate, which raises the problems related to homologization and the determination of the polarities of evolutionary changes. In earwigs (Dermaptera), multiple or branched female sperm-storage organs (spermathecae) have been reported for members of the Karschiellidae, Pygidicranidae, and Diplatyidae, collectively termed the "basal" Dermaptera. Whether the complicated spermathecae represent a plesiomorphy or an apomorphy has not been resolved. Here I report the occurrence of multiple or branched spermathecae in gamma-irradiated samples of two earwig species, Euborellia plebeja (Dohrn, 1863) (Anisolabididae) and Proreus simulans (Stål, 1860) (Chelisochidae), which belong to the "higher" Dermaptera (Apachyidae, Labiduridae, Anisolabididae, Spongiphoridae, Chelisochidae, and Forficulidae). Females belonging to the higher Dermaptera normally have a single-unbranched spermatheca. I discuss examples of possible atavisms in relation to the evolutionary pathways of spermathecal morphology. Possible atavisms in the number of male organs for sperm transfer (virgae) are also reported.

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