Postnatal sellar spine growth: A case report and literature review

Takahiro Hosokawa, Yoshitake Yamada, Yumiko Sato, Yutaka Tanami, Jun Kurihara, Eiji Oguma

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: A sellar spine is a bony spur protruding anteriorly from the central portion of the dorsum sellae. Its etiology is an ossified notochordal remnant of the cephalic end of the notochord. It is presumed to be a congenital malformation based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of sellar spine in a 4-year-old boy. A sellar spine should therefore be detectable at birth with or without ossification, and the posterior pituitary lobe should be displaced. Methods and Results: Here we review the literature and report the first case of typical sellar spine in an 8-year-old girl who presented with precocious puberty, but her MRI taken at age 4 months for a febrile convulsion did not show a sellar spine or posterior pituitary lobe deformation. T1-weighted sagittal images at 8 years old showed a bony structure protruding anteriorly from the central portion of the dorsum sellae. The length of this lesion was 3.8 mm on computed tomography (CT) scanning at 9 years old, and it elongated to 4.7 mm on CT at 12 years old. Conclusions: Based on the present case, we speculate that the sellar spine would be too small to detect early in development and would grow in size after birth. In this case, a sellar spine and precocious puberty were potentially associated due to deformation of the growing pituitary gland.

Original languageEnglish
Article number487
JournalMedicine (United States)
Volume95
Issue number33
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Aug 1

Keywords

  • developmental anomaly
  • pituitary abnormality
  • sella turcica
  • sellar spine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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