Postsurgical Salvage Radiosurgery for Nonfunctioning Pituitary Adenomas Touching/Compressing the Optic Chiasm: Median 13-Year Postirradiation Imaging Follow-up Results

Masaaki Yamamoto, Hitoshi Aiyama, Takao Koiso, Shinya Watanabe, Takuya Kawabe, Yasunori Sato, Yoshinori Higuchi, Bierta E. Barfod, Hidetoshi Kasuya

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BACKGROUND: There is little information on long-term outcomes after salvage treatment by either surgery or stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for patients with recurrent/residual nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas (NFPAs). OBJECTIVE: To reappraise the efficacy and safety of SRS for patients with NFPAs touching/compressing the optic apparatus (OA). METHODS: We studied 27 patients (14 females, 13 males; mean age: 61 [range, 19-85] yr) who underwent SRS between 1998 and 2008 for NFPAs with such condition. The median tumor volume was 4.9 (range, 1.8-50.8) cc. To avoid excess irradiation to the OA, the lower part of the tumor was covered with a 50% or a 60% isodose gradient, ie 49% to 98% (mean, 84%; median, 88%) of the entire tumor received the selected doses. Median doses at the tumor periphery/OA were 7.6/11.0 (interquartile range [IQR], 5.8-9.1/10.1-11.8) Gy. RESULTS: Seven patients (26%) were confirmed to be deceased due to unrelated diseases at a median post-SRS period of 149 (IQR, 83-158) mo. Follow-up magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed tumor growth in 2 patients (7%) at the 11th and 134th post-SRS month; the former underwent surgery and the other SRS. Excluding these 2 patients, the latest follow-up MRI examinations, performed 13 to 238 (median: 168, IQR: 120-180) mo after SRS, showed no size changes in 5 (19%) and shrinkage in 20 (74%) patients. Cumulative incidences of tumor growth control were 96.3% and 91.8% at the 120th and 180th post-SRS month. None of our patients developed subjective symptoms suggesting SRS-induced optic neuropathy or endocrinological impairment. CONCLUSION: In patients with NFPAs touching/compressing the OA, SRS achieves good long-term results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)476-485
Number of pages10
JournalClinical Neurosurgery
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Oct 1



  • Gamma knife
  • Pituitary adenoma
  • Radiation therapy
  • Radiosurgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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