Potential of plug-in hybrid electric vehicle for reduction of CO2 emission and role of non-fossil power plant

R. Hiwatari, K. Okano, H. Yamamoto

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

A method to analyze the demand of electricity and the reduction of CO2 emission and oil consumption by PHEV is established. Using the performance of PHEV optimized by EPRI[1] and an estimation on the pattern of driving and charging in Japan, the following results are obtained. The electric demand for PHEV60 (which has 60 mile EV range) and PHEV20 (which has 20 mile EV range) is evaluated at 79.3 billion kWh and 41.2 billion kWh, respectively, in case that all vehicles in Japan (80 million cars) would be replaced by PHEV. The load leveling effect on the Japanese grid, which is hypothetically considered as one electric grid system, is evaluated at about 30 million kW, in case that all vehicles in Japan are replaced by PHEV60 and charged in the midnight. However, when the charge of PHEVs starts in the evening, that effect is not obtained. The reduction of CO2 emission results in 64 million ton by the averaged CO2 emissions intensity (emissions per unit of user end electricity) in Japan, and 98 million ton by electricity from the nonfossil power plant such as nuclear energy or renewable one. Those values are equivalent to 25% and 38% of CO2 emission from the transport sector in Japan in 2003. Hence, non-fossil power plant enhances the reduction of CO2 emission by the PHEV introduction.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants 2009, ICAPP 2009
PublisherAtomic Energy Society of Japan
Pages2417-2424
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9781617386084
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jan 1
EventInternational Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants 2009, ICAPP 2009 - Shinjuku, Tokyo, Japan
Duration: 2009 May 102009 May 14

Publication series

NameInternational Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants 2009, ICAPP 2009
Volume3

Other

OtherInternational Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants 2009, ICAPP 2009
CountryJapan
CityShinjuku, Tokyo
Period09/5/1009/5/14

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering

Cite this

Hiwatari, R., Okano, K., & Yamamoto, H. (2009). Potential of plug-in hybrid electric vehicle for reduction of CO2 emission and role of non-fossil power plant. In International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants 2009, ICAPP 2009 (pp. 2417-2424). (International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants 2009, ICAPP 2009; Vol. 3). Atomic Energy Society of Japan.