PPARγ in the endothelium regulates metabolic responses to high-fat diet in mice

Takeshi Kanda, Jonathan D. Brown, Gabriela Orasanu, Silke Vogel, Frank J. Gonzalez, Juliano Sartoretto, Thomas Michel, Jorge Plutzky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

99 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although endothelial dysfunction, defined as abnormal vasoreactivity, is a common early finding in individuals with type 2 diabetes, the endothelium has not been known to regulate metabolism. As PPARγ, a transcriptional regulator of energy balance, is expressed in endothelial cells, we set out to investigate the role of endothelial cell PPARγ in metabolism using mice that lack PPARγ in the endothelium and BM (γEC/BM-KO). When γEC/BM-KO mice were fed a high-fat diet, they had decreased adiposity and increased insulin sensitivity compared with control mice, despite increased serum FFA and triglyceride (TG) levels. After fasting or olive oil gavage, γEC/BM-KO mice exhibited significant dyslipidemia and failed to respond to the FFA and TG lowering effects of the PPARγ agonist rosiglitazone. BM transplantation studies, which reconstituted hematopoietic PPARγ, established that these metabolic phenotypes were due to endothelial PPARγ deficiency. We further found that the impairment in TG-rich lipoprotein metabolism in γEC/BM-KO mice was associated with fatty acid-mediated lipoprotein lipase inhibition and changes in a PPARγ-regulated endothelial cell transcriptional program. Despite their metabolic improvements, high-fat diet-fed γEC/BM-KO mice had impaired vasoreactivity. Taken together, these data suggest that PPARγ in the endothelium integrates metabolic and vascular responses and may contribute to the effects of PPARγ agonists, thus expanding what endothelial function and dysfunction may entail.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)110-124
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Volume119
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jan 5
Externally publishedYes

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Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptors
High Fat Diet
Endothelium
Triglycerides
Endothelial Cells
rosiglitazone
Lipoprotein Lipase
Adiposity
Dyslipidemias
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Lipoproteins
Blood Vessels
Insulin Resistance
Fasting
Fatty Acids
Transplantation
Phenotype

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Kanda, T., Brown, J. D., Orasanu, G., Vogel, S., Gonzalez, F. J., Sartoretto, J., ... Plutzky, J. (2009). PPARγ in the endothelium regulates metabolic responses to high-fat diet in mice. Journal of Clinical Investigation, 119(1), 110-124. https://doi.org/10.1172/JCI36233

PPARγ in the endothelium regulates metabolic responses to high-fat diet in mice. / Kanda, Takeshi; Brown, Jonathan D.; Orasanu, Gabriela; Vogel, Silke; Gonzalez, Frank J.; Sartoretto, Juliano; Michel, Thomas; Plutzky, Jorge.

In: Journal of Clinical Investigation, Vol. 119, No. 1, 05.01.2009, p. 110-124.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kanda, T, Brown, JD, Orasanu, G, Vogel, S, Gonzalez, FJ, Sartoretto, J, Michel, T & Plutzky, J 2009, 'PPARγ in the endothelium regulates metabolic responses to high-fat diet in mice', Journal of Clinical Investigation, vol. 119, no. 1, pp. 110-124. https://doi.org/10.1172/JCI36233
Kanda, Takeshi ; Brown, Jonathan D. ; Orasanu, Gabriela ; Vogel, Silke ; Gonzalez, Frank J. ; Sartoretto, Juliano ; Michel, Thomas ; Plutzky, Jorge. / PPARγ in the endothelium regulates metabolic responses to high-fat diet in mice. In: Journal of Clinical Investigation. 2009 ; Vol. 119, No. 1. pp. 110-124.
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