We present a simple protocol to purify a coherent-state superposition that has undergone a linear lossy channel. The scheme constitutes only a single beam splitter and a homodyne detector, and thus is experimentally feasible. In practice, a superposition of coherent states is transformed into a classical mixture of coherent states by linear loss, which is usually the dominant decoherence mechanism in optical systems. We also address the possibility of producing a larger amplitude superposition state from decohered states, and show that in most cases the decoherence of the states are amplified along with the amplitude.
|Journal||Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2006 Apr 14|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics