Pre-operative and post-operative estimated glomerular filtration rate in Japanese patients with urological malignancies

Naoya Niwa, Tadashi Yoshida, Ryuichi Mizuno, Eiji Kikuchi, Akira Miyajima, Matsuhiko Hayashi, Mototsugu Oya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: The suitable methods evaluating glomerular filtration rate (GFR) have not been established in patients undergoing radical nephrectomy (RN) or radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) due to urological malignancies in Japan as well as worldwide. Methods: We examined the relationship between creatinine clearance-based measured GFR (mGFR) versus estimated GFR (eGFR) calculated by 3 popular equations, 4-variable Modification of Diet in Renal Disease equation adjusted by Japanese correction coefficient (cmMDRD), 3-variable MDRD equation for Japanese population (eGFRcreat), and Chronic Kidney Disease-Epidemiology Collaboration equation adjusted by Japanese correction coefficient (cmCKD-EPI) in Japanese patients who had undergone RN or RNU due to renal cell carcinoma or upper tract urothelial carcinoma before and after surgery. Results: Among the 3 equations examined, eGFRcreat was the closest to mGFR, although each eGFR was significantly higher than mGFR in the pre-operative period. In the post-operative period, cmMDRD and eGFRcreat, but not cmCKD-EPI, were comparable to mGFR. Each of eGFR was significantly correlated with mGFR in both the pre-operative and post-operative periods. Similar results were obtained by the subanalysis of the patients with pre-operative mGFR of < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2. Results of κ statistics also showed that eGFRcreat was most appropriate to estimate GFR both before and after heminephrectomy, when cut-off value of GFR of < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 was used. Conclusion: Results of the present study suggest that eGFRcreat is likely to be the most appropriate equation for patients undergoing RN or RNU due to urological malignancies. However, more precise equations will be required for accurately estimating GFR.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalClinical and Experimental Nephrology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2017 Nov 27

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Glomerular Filtration Rate
Nephrectomy
Neoplasms
Diet Therapy
Chronic Renal Insufficiency
Renal Cell Carcinoma
Creatinine
Japan
Epidemiology
Carcinoma
Kidney
Population

Keywords

  • Glomerular filtration rate
  • Nephrectomy
  • Nephroureterectomy
  • Renal cell carcinoma
  • Upper tract urothelial carcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Nephrology
  • Physiology (medical)

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Pre-operative and post-operative estimated glomerular filtration rate in Japanese patients with urological malignancies. / Niwa, Naoya; Yoshida, Tadashi; Mizuno, Ryuichi; Kikuchi, Eiji; Miyajima, Akira; Hayashi, Matsuhiko; Oya, Mototsugu.

In: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology, 27.11.2017, p. 1-8.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Background: The suitable methods evaluating glomerular filtration rate (GFR) have not been established in patients undergoing radical nephrectomy (RN) or radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) due to urological malignancies in Japan as well as worldwide. Methods: We examined the relationship between creatinine clearance-based measured GFR (mGFR) versus estimated GFR (eGFR) calculated by 3 popular equations, 4-variable Modification of Diet in Renal Disease equation adjusted by Japanese correction coefficient (cmMDRD), 3-variable MDRD equation for Japanese population (eGFRcreat), and Chronic Kidney Disease-Epidemiology Collaboration equation adjusted by Japanese correction coefficient (cmCKD-EPI) in Japanese patients who had undergone RN or RNU due to renal cell carcinoma or upper tract urothelial carcinoma before and after surgery. Results: Among the 3 equations examined, eGFRcreat was the closest to mGFR, although each eGFR was significantly higher than mGFR in the pre-operative period. In the post-operative period, cmMDRD and eGFRcreat, but not cmCKD-EPI, were comparable to mGFR. Each of eGFR was significantly correlated with mGFR in both the pre-operative and post-operative periods. Similar results were obtained by the subanalysis of the patients with pre-operative mGFR of < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2. Results of κ statistics also showed that eGFRcreat was most appropriate to estimate GFR both before and after heminephrectomy, when cut-off value of GFR of < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 was used. Conclusion: Results of the present study suggest that eGFRcreat is likely to be the most appropriate equation for patients undergoing RN or RNU due to urological malignancies. However, more precise equations will be required for accurately estimating GFR.",
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AU - Niwa, Naoya

AU - Yoshida, Tadashi

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AU - Miyajima, Akira

AU - Hayashi, Matsuhiko

AU - Oya, Mototsugu

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AB - Background: The suitable methods evaluating glomerular filtration rate (GFR) have not been established in patients undergoing radical nephrectomy (RN) or radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) due to urological malignancies in Japan as well as worldwide. Methods: We examined the relationship between creatinine clearance-based measured GFR (mGFR) versus estimated GFR (eGFR) calculated by 3 popular equations, 4-variable Modification of Diet in Renal Disease equation adjusted by Japanese correction coefficient (cmMDRD), 3-variable MDRD equation for Japanese population (eGFRcreat), and Chronic Kidney Disease-Epidemiology Collaboration equation adjusted by Japanese correction coefficient (cmCKD-EPI) in Japanese patients who had undergone RN or RNU due to renal cell carcinoma or upper tract urothelial carcinoma before and after surgery. Results: Among the 3 equations examined, eGFRcreat was the closest to mGFR, although each eGFR was significantly higher than mGFR in the pre-operative period. In the post-operative period, cmMDRD and eGFRcreat, but not cmCKD-EPI, were comparable to mGFR. Each of eGFR was significantly correlated with mGFR in both the pre-operative and post-operative periods. Similar results were obtained by the subanalysis of the patients with pre-operative mGFR of < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2. Results of κ statistics also showed that eGFRcreat was most appropriate to estimate GFR both before and after heminephrectomy, when cut-off value of GFR of < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 was used. Conclusion: Results of the present study suggest that eGFRcreat is likely to be the most appropriate equation for patients undergoing RN or RNU due to urological malignancies. However, more precise equations will be required for accurately estimating GFR.

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