By using an optical heterodyne technique, we have demonstrated the detection of ballistic photons traveling through a suspension. We measured the propagation time of light in a sample with a variable optical delay line in the reference arm of an interferometer, using a superluminescent diode as a light source. The resolution and accuracy in propagation time measurement were 400 and 3 fs, respectively. The minimum detectable rotation angle of 1/10,000 deg was achieved with an integration time of 5 s. This system can measure the refractive index and optical rotatory power of the suspension in a solvent without disturbing heavy scattering from particles in the suspension, because ballistic photons are detected.
- Ballistic photons
- Optical heterodyne detection
- Optical rotation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Engineering (miscellaneous)
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering